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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
avoiding contact with over countries
a nature religion that began in Japan
a trained professional warrior in feudal Japan. They served the Shogun and Daimyo.
a powerful military leader who ruled Japan in the emperor's name
large landowners of feudal Japan. They were powerful lords who led armies of Samurai.
Shinto teachings
everything in nature - sun,moon,trees,waterfalls have Kami. Some kami help people live and keep them from harm.
a person who appears to rule even though real powers rests with someone else
the Samurai code of rules
nature spirits
a city in Japan now called Kyoto. It was a cultural center and capital of Japan for many years.
Noh Theatre
created in th 1300's. plays combined music, speaking and dance. Plays told of great heroes from Japan's past.
ideas people hold dear and try to live by.
a group of nobles who surround a ruler
a form of Japanese Buddhism
zen buddhists
believed that neither faith or good behavior led to wisdom.
People should practice self discipline and meditation or quiet thinking
pure land buddhism
pure land buddhist chanted the Buddha's name over and over to achieve enlightenment
the way something is set up or organized
Prince Shotoku
most influential person who brought Chinese ideas to Japan
Oda Nubunaga
first leader to try an unify all of Japan. Gave his soldiers guns. First to use guns in Japan - he easily defeated his opponents.
Tokugawa Ieyasu
by 1600 he conquered his enemies. in 1603 he became Shogun. From his capitol at Edo he ruled all of Japan.
a culture that developed in Japan. They spoke a language unlike any other language in eastern Asia. They looked different than the people of Japan.
Ainu over time
began to fight with people over land.They lost most of the fights and their land. Eventually they were driven to a single island Hokkaido.
Yamato clan
large and powerful clan from the western part of Japan largest island Honshu. They built up armies to gain power.
Yamato clan rulers
claimed to have a glorious family history. They believed they were descended from the most powerful of all kami - the goddess of the sun.
Lady Murasaki Shikibu
one of the greatest writers in early Japan history. Around 1000, she wrote the Tale of Genji.It was the first full-length novel and considered the best.
purpose of rock garden
include gravel shaped like water and rocks arranged like mountains. Zen buddhist sat in front of the garden to meditate.
Tale of Genji describes the noble's lifestyle
the nobles loved beauty elegance and the arts. They enjoyed lives of ease and priviledge- lived lives of luxury.
Ranking of power highest to lowest.
Daimyo and Samurai
a group of nobles who live near and serve or advise a ruler.
most Japanese were poor peasants who had no power.
Japan' geography
Japan is a large group of islands located east of the Asian mainland.
Japan's land
tops of undersea mountains and volcanoes striking out of the ocean. Mountains cover nearly all of Japan. 20% of land is flat.
flat areas called coastal planes
most Japanese people live in the flat areas.
effect of geography on people:
being near the sea they turned to the sea for food.
they learned to prepare all kinds of seafood (eel, shark, octopus,seaweed). It has been a key part of their diet for thousands of years.
effect of geography:
location-they were separated from the other people of Asia
this allowed them to develop their own culture. the created a religion and social structure very different from those in other parts of Asia.
Japan is not totally isolated:
Korea is about 100 miles away
China is about 400 miles away
Those short distances allowed the older Korean and Chinese cultures to influence the new culture of Japan.
What did Japan learn from China and Korea?
they learned about language, society and government.
What was early Japan society like?
It was organized in clans which came to be ruled by an Emperor.
How did geography shape the lives in Japan?
Isolated-created own culture
near the sea-learned to cook seafood. Influenced by China and Korea that were close by.
Samurai and Shoguns took over Japan when
Emperors lost influence.Samurai lived honorably.
What were the influences from China and Korea?
language-earliest writing used Chinese characters
Philosophy-Ideas of Chinese philosopher Confucious helped shape Japanese culture and family life.
Religion-Buddhism came to Japan from Korea.
Who unified Japan in the 1500's?
Oda Nobunaga
Shoguns in 1800
keep order up until the 1800's when more serious challenges arose that they could not control (foreign invasion, internal rebellion).
Japan's culture during the Heian period from 800 -1100's
was called?
golden age