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19 Cards in this Set

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Name the three basic layers of the Earth from outermost layer to innermost.

crust mantle core

Name the 5 physical layers of the Earth from the outermost to the innermost.

lithosphere asthenosphere mesosphere outer core inner core

What are the two types of crust?

continental oceanic

Which type of crust is thinner and denser?

oceanic

The inner core is

solid

The outer core is

liquid

The tectonic plates are part of the

lithosphere

Tectonic plates move around on the

asthenosphere

What is the name of the scientist that developed the theory of continental drift?

Alfred Wegner

What is the name of the last super continent?

Pangaea

Describe two pieces of evidence that support Wegner's theory

This is all of the possible answers if you have two that match you are correct. Matching fossils on opposite coastlines Matching rocks and minerals on opposite coastlines Matching mountain ranges on opposite coastlines Matching glacier markings Continents look like they fit together

When two plate move together or collide this is called

convergent

When two plate separate this is called

divergent

When two plates move side by side this is a ____________ boundary.

transform

What does plate movement at a transform boundary cause?

earthquakes

What does plate movement at an oceanic-oceanic divergent plate boundary cause?

sea floor spreading or under water mountains

What does plate movement at a continental-continental divergent boundary cause?

rift valleys

What plate boundary creates volcanoes?

continental-oceanic convergent