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71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
lotions, creams ointments
topical medications
effects that a drug is expected to have
action
the study of properties and effects of drugs and medications
pharmacology
amount of medication given
dose
gelatin shells filled with powdered or liquid medication
capsules
any action of a drug other than the desired one
side effect
to bind or stick to a surface
adsorption
therapeutic use for a particular medication
indication
process by which medications travel through body tissue
absorption
situation in which a drug should not be given
contraindication
the proper dose of medication depends on all of the following
age, size of patient, desired action
nitroglycerin relieves the squeezing or crushing pain association with angina by
dilating the arteries to increase the oxygen supply to the heart muscle
the brand name that a manufacturer gives to a medication is called the
trade name
the fastest way to deliver a chemical substance is by the __________ route
intravenous
the form the manufacturer chooses for a medication ensures
proper route of the meds, timing of the meds release in the bloodstream, meds effect on the target organs or body systems
solutions may be given
orally, intramuscularly, rectally
in the prehospital setting a ________ is the preferred method of giving oxygen to patients who have sufficient tidal volume and can provide up to 90% inspired oxygen
nonrebreathing mask
characteristics of epinephrine include
dilating passages in the lungs, constricting blood vessels, increasing the heart rate and blood pressure
epinephrine acts as a specific antidote to
histamine
nitroglycerin relieves pain because its purpose is to increase blood flow by relieving the spasms or causing the arteries to
dilate
nitroglycerin affects the body in what way
decreases blood pressure, relaxes veins throughout the body, often causes a mile headache after administration
TF oxygen is a flammable substance
False
TF glucose may be administered to an unconscience patient in order to save his life
False
TF epinephrine is a hormone produced by the body to aid in digestion
False
TF nitroglycerin decreases blood pressure
True
TF sublingual meds are rapidly absorbed into the digestive tract
False
TF vital signs should be taken before and after medication is given
True
TF even though medications can react with each other, this is not potentially harmful condition for the patient
False
TF nitroglycerin should be administered only when the patients systolic blood pressure is below 100 mm Hg
False
________ is a simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream
glucose
______ is the main hormone that controls the bodys fight or flight response
epinephrine
nitroglycerin is usually taken
sublingually
in all but the ___ route, the medication is absorbed into the bloodstream
IV injection
when given by mouth, _______ may be absorbed from the stomach fairly quickly because the medication is already disolved
solutions
A __________ is a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain
medication
a devise that changes a liquid medication into a spray and pushes it into a nostril
MAD mucosal atomizer devise
the amount of medication given on the basis of the patients size and age
Dose
a liquid mixture that cannot be seperated by filtering or allowing the mixture to stand
Solution
the process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the bloodstream
absoption
a medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications
antagonist
activated ________ is an oral medication that binds and adsorbs ingested toxins in the GI tract for treatment of some poisonings and medication overdoses
charcoal
a medication that causes stimulation of receptors
agonist
medications that enter the body through the digestive system
enteral
into the bone
intraosseous
the use of multiple medications on a regular basis
polypharmacy
a miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled
MDI
through the rectum
perrectum
by mouth
oral
a mixture of ground particals that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but that do not dissolve
intranasal
a delivery route in which a medication is pushed through a specialized atomizer devise called a mucosal atomizer devise into the nare
inhalation
10 routes of medication administration
intravenous, intramuscular, transcutaneous, oral, intraosseous, inhalation, sublingual, subcutaneous, per rectum
three charasterics of epinephrine
secreted naturally by the adrenal glands, dilates lung passages, constricts blood vessels
4 side effect of nitroglycerin
headache, burning under the tongue, hypotension, nausea
what do medications do
alleviate pain and improve patients will being
medications used inappropriately may cause what
harm and even death
pertaining to medications EMTs will:
administer medications, help patients self administer meds, ask patients about meds, report patient information to hospital personnel
pharmacodynamics is a process by which
medication works on the body
causes stimulation of receptors
agonist
binds to a receptor and blocks other meds
antagonist
amount of medication given
dose
dose depends on what
weight, age, desired action
types of medication
prescription
over the counter
street drugs
herbal meds
enhancement drugs
vitamin supplements
enteral medications
enter body through digestive system
parenteral medications
enter body by other means than the digestive system
absorption
process by which medications travel through body tissues to bloodstream
rapid forms of absorption
per rectum
inhalation
sublingual
slow forms of absorption
ingestion
subcutaneous
transcutaneous
intermediate forms of absorption
IV, intraosseous
moderate forms of absorption
intramuscular
6 right of medication administration
right patient, medication, dose, route, time, documentation
EMT carries what medications
oxygen
oral glucose
activated charcoal
aspirin
epinephrine