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32 Cards in this Set

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Ancient
of or relating to times long past, especially those of the historical period before the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
Anthropology
The scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of humans.
Archaeologists
scientists who study buildings, tools, and other objects people make or use.
Cartouche
an oblong enclosure with a horizontal line at one end, indicating that the text enclosed is a royal name
Caste
a social class of people
Civilization
a centralized society with developed forms of religion, ways of governing, and learning.
Class
the hierarchical distinctions between groups in societies or cultures
Classical
refers to a specific time period or artistic style
Cultural Diffusion
the spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior to different societies
Cuneiform
a form of writing that uses groups of wedges and lines
Dark Ages
refers to the Early Middle Ages, the period encompassing (roughly) 476 AD to 1000 AD.
Dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family
Empire
many territories and people controlled by one government
Epics
a long poem that tells a story
Feudalism
In Europe, a system in which land was owned by kings or lords but held by vassals in return for their loyalty. In Japan, a system in which poor people are legally bound to work for their wealthy landowners.
Geologist
a scientist who studies the origin, history, and structure of the earth.
Globalization
the system of interaction among the countries of the world in order to develop the global economy. The integration of economics and societies all over the world.
Hieroglyphics
a kind of picture writing in which some pictures stand for ideas and others stand for sounds.
Interdependence (economic)
a situation in a society where people depend on other people to produce most of the goods and services required to sustain life.
Irrigation
to supply with water by means of streams, ditches, or pipes.
Middle ages
the years between ancient and modern times.
Medieval
referring to the Middle Ages
Monarchy
the system of government in which a king or a queen rules.
Mythology
body of myths from a particular culture or religion
Nomadic
a lifestyle of no settled home
Philosophy
one’s view of the meaning of life.
Plague
a widespread disease
Polytheism
the belief in many gods
Renaissance
a widespread change in culture that took place in Europe beginning in the 1300s.
Republic
a form of government is which the citizens elect to make all government decisions.
Technological
Relating to or involving technology, especially scientific technology.
Theocracy
a government ruled by or subject to religious authority.