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80 Cards in this Set

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STATEMENT


SENTENCE; QUOTE

BEST SUPPORTS

HELPS ME UNDERSTAND;


GUIDES

ORGANIZATION/


ORGANIZATIONAL PATTERNS

HOW THE AUTHOR STRUCTURES HIS


WRITING; DESCRIBING, IDENTIFYING;


STATING, COMPARING, CONTRASTING;


LISTING; DETAILING; RELATING;


EXPRESSING

DESCRIPTION

DESCRIBE; TELL MORE ABOUT IN DETAIL;


FEATURES; TYPES; FOR EXAMPLE; KINDS

SEQUENTIAL ORDER

IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THE EVENTS


HAPPEN; BEGINNING TO END, START TO


FINISH;

CAUSE AND EFFECT

DESCRIBES AN EVENT THAT IS CAUSED BY


OR IS THE EFFECT OF ANOTHER EVENT


OR ACTION; AS A RESULT OF; DUE TO; THEREFORE; SO; BECAUSE

PROBLEM AND SOLUTION

EXPLAINS THE DETAILS OF THE PROBLEM


THOROUGHLY AND THEN PRESENTS THE


SOLUTION OR MULTIPLE SOLUTIONS TO


THE PROBLEM; DILEMMA; CHALLENGE;


ISSUE; IMPROVE;

COMPARE AND CONTRAST

HOW TWO OR MORE TOPICS,


CHARACTERS, SELECTIONS, OR


PASSAGES ARE ALIKE AND


DIFFERENT; ALIKE; SIMILAR; SAME AS;


BOTH; IN COMMON; DIFFER; DIFFERENT;


BUT; WHILE;

CONTRIBUTES

HELPS OUT; HELPS ME UNDERSTAND

MAIN IDEA

WHAT THE PARAGRAPH OR SELECTION


IS MOSTLY ABOUT

QUOTATION

WORDS THAT ARE SPOKEN OR STATED


BY SOMEONE OR WORDS WRITTEN


INSIDE QUOTATION MARKS

CLAIM

BELIEF; STATEMENT; STRONG OPINION

THE READER

SUBSTITUTE "THE READER" WITH THE


WORD "I," BECAUSE YOU ARE THE


READER

CONVEYS; CONVEYED

TO SHOW

MESSAGE; CENTRAL MESSAGE;


THEME; CENTRAL IDEA

RELATES TO MORALS OR VALUES; THE


AUTHOR WANTS YOU TO LEARN A


VALUABLE LESSON FROM THE


CHARACTER'S EXPERIENCE IN THE STORY-


LOOK AT THE LAST PARAGRAPH FOR THE


THEME OR MESSAGE

EXPOSITION

OPENING OF THE STORY THAT


INTRODUCES THE CHARACTERS AND


SETTING

CONFLICT

THE PROBLEM THE CHARACTERS FACE

RISING ACTION

ATTEMPTS TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM OR


CONFLICT; MAIN CHARACTER TRIES TO


REACH A GOAL

CLIMAX

HIGH POINT OF THE STORY WHERE THE


TENSION IS THE GREATEST

TURNING POINT

POINT OF THE STORY WHERE THINGS


GET BETTER FOR THE CHARACTERS; THE


STORY'S OUTCOME BECOMES CLEAR

FALLING ACTION

WHERE LOOSE ENDS ARE TIED UP;


HAPPENS QUICKLY

RESOLUTION; DENOUEMENT;


CONCLUSION

ENDS THE STORY; FINAL OUTCOME

FORESHADOW

A HINT OR CLUE ABOUT WHAT IS TO


COME NEXT IN THE STORY

FLASHBACK

WHEN THE AUTHOR INTERRUPTS THE


STORY TO INTRODUCE AN EVENT THAT


HAS ALREADY HAPPENED; REMEMBER


SOMETHING FROM THE PAST

MOOD

EMOTION OR FEELING OF THE READER


WHILE READING

TONE

AUTHOR'S ATTITUDE TOWARD THE


WRITTEN WORK

PLAYWRIGHT

PERSON WHO WRITES THE PLAY

SCENE/ ACT

DIVISIONS OF A PLAY--PAY ATTENTION


TO THE CHARACTERS, THE STAGE


DIRECTIONS, AND THE SETTING IN EACH


SCENE AND ACT; THE STAGE DIRECTIONS


CAN FORESHADOW FUTURE EVENTS

HIGHLIGHTS; HIGHLIGHTING

STANDS OUT; MOST IMPORTANT

DIALOGUE; CONVERSATION

WORDS SPOKEN BETWEEN THE


CHARACTERS; THE DIALOGUE MAY REVEAL


SOMETHING BETWEEN THE CHARACTERS

GOAL; AIM

WHAT THE CHARACTER WANTS TO BE


SUCCESSFUL AT; ACCOMPLISHMENT;


SUCCESS

SECTION

CONTAINS THE SUBHEADING THAT WILL


TELL WHAT THE PARAGRAPHS ARE


GOING TO BE ABOUT

DEMONSTRATE


TO SHOW


EMPHASIZE

STRESS THE IMPORTANCE OF

CONDITIONS

STATE OF BEING; PAY ATTENTION TO THE


WEATHER AND CLIMATE

UNIQUE

DIFFERENT; ONE OF A KIND; NOT LIKE


OTHERS; SPECIAL

PERSPECTIVE

OPINION; POINT OF VIEW; VIEWPOINT

REVEAL

TELL OR SHOW

SUMMARY

WHAT THE WHOLE SELECTION IS ABOUT;


LABEL YOUR SENTENCES!!! BME, BBME,


BMME, OR BMEE; MUST CONTAIN THE


CHARACTERS, PROBLEM (GOAL) AND


SOLUTION. REMEMBER THAT THE STORY


ENDS IN THE LAST PARAGRAPH, NOT


BEFORE.


ILLUSTRATE

TO SHOW OR REVEAL

PRESENTING

TELLING

INCLUDED

ADDED TO

IDENTIFY

RECOGNIZE; SHOW

PHRASE

LOOK FOR WORDS INSIDE


"QUOTATION MARKS"

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE;


FIGURATIVE EXPRESSION

YOU MUST STUDY THE PHRASE INSIDE


THE QUOTATION MARKS AND


"FIGURE OUT" WHAT THE PHRASE


REALLY MEANS

PERSONIFICATION

HUMAN CHARACTERISTICS ARE GIVEN TO


AN ANIMAL, OBJECT, OR IDEA


METAPHOR

COMPARISON OF 2 OBJECTS OR THINGS


WITHOUT USING "LIKE" OR "AS ___ AS."


YOU ARE STATING THAT ONE OBJECT IS


THE OTHER OBJECT.

SIMILE

COMPARISON OF 2 OBJECTS OR THINGS


USING THE WORDS "LIKE" OR


"AS ___ AS."

HYPERBOLE

EXTREME EXAGGERATION TO EMPHASIZE


A POINT

DICTIONARY ENTRY

THE WORD IN THE BOX WILL BE A


MULTIPLE MEANING WORD; MAKE


SURE YOU CHOOSE THE DEFINITION


THAT RELATES TO THE SELECTION,


NOT NECESSARILY THE DEFINITION


YOU REMEMBER FROM THE TOP OF


YOUR HEAD.

CONTEXT CLUES

CLUES IN THE TEXT TO HELP YOU


UNDERSTAND THE MEANING OF THE


VOCABULARY WORD; LOOK AT THE


SENTENCE BEFORE AND AFTER THE


UNDERLINED WORD, TOO. REREAD THE


WHOLE PARAGRAPH TO GET THE


MEANING OF THE WORD.

PHOTOGRAPH; IMAGE; PICTURE; CAPTION

PAY ATTENTION TO THE PHOTOGRAPH


AND THE CAPTION UNDERNEATH THE


PHOTOGRAPH. REMEMBER TO LOOK


ONLY AT THE EXPLICIT INFORMATION


THAT YOU SEE, NOT WHAT YOU INFER.


THE PICTURES USUALLY REPRESENT


THE SIZE OF AN OBJECT COMPARED TO


ANOTHER OBJECT IN THE PICTURE.

EXCERPT

PORTION OR PART OF A DOCUMENT,


ARTICLE, OR BOOK.

SPEAKER

PERSON TELLING THE POEM

STANZA

DIVISIONS OF A POEM THAT ARE SIMILAR


TO PARAGRAPHS

LINES

PHRASES OR SENTENCES IN A STANZA;


SIMILAR TO SENTENCES IN A PARAGRAPH

IMAGERY

USE OF THE 5 SENSES TO HELP YOU


VISUALIZE THE SELECTION OR POEM;


WHAT DOES THE AUTHOR MAKE YOU


HEAR, SMELL, SEE, TASTE, OR WANT


TO TOUCH WHILE READING?

MAIN ARGUMENT

AUTHOR'S MAIN CLAIM; MAIN STATEMENT;


MAIN OPINION

GAIN AN INSIGHT

HELP THE READER TO UNDERSTAND

APPEAL

MAKE A SERIOUS OR URGENT REQUEST

CAUSE

WHY SOMETHING HAPPENS (BECAUSE)

EFFECT

WHAT HAPPENS AS A RESULT OF THE


CAUSE (OUTCOME)

EXPRESSES

SHOWS; CONVEYS; TELLS

REPRESENTS

STANDS FOR; SERVES TO EXPRESS

MENTIONS

REFER TO SOMETHING BRIEFLY OR A


SHORT PERIOD OF TIME

INDICATES

SHOWS; TELLS; POINTS OUT

CENTERS ON

FOCUSES ON

INFER; INFERENCE

TO COME TO A CONCLUSION FROM USING


YOUR PRIOR KNOWLEDGE AND WHAT YOU


HAVE READ IN THE SELECTION AS EVIDENCE;


THE ANSWER WILL NOT BE LOCATED


DIRECTLY IN THE STORY--YOU MUST THINK!

SEQUENTIALLY

EVENTS IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY


HAPPEN

SIGNAL

POINT OUT; ACTION TO CONVEY OR SHOW


INFORMATION

SIGNIFICANCE; SIGNIFICANT

IMPORTANCE; IMPORTANT

AUTHOR'S PURPOSE

MOST LIKELY REASON FOR WRITING THE


TEXT; EXPRESS, EXPLAIN, PERSUADE,


INFORM, DESCRIBE, COMPARE (SIMILAR); CONTRAST (DIFFERENCE);

POINT OF VIEW

CAN BE THE CHARACTER'S POINT OF VIEW


OR THE AUTHOR'S POINT OF VIEW;


OPINION;


FIRST PERSON--THE NARRATOR IS PART OF


THE STORY (I, ME, MINE, WE, OURS, US)


THIRD PERSON--THE NARRATOR IS NOT


PART OF THE STORY (HE, SHE, HIS, HERS,


THEY, THEIR, THEM)

PERSUADE

INFLUENCE; CONVINCE; COAX;

CLARIFY; CLARIFIES

TO MAKE CLEAR; MAKE KNOWN

EVIDENCE

TO SHOW PROOF; SPECIFIC EXAMPLES

NARRATOR

PERSON TELLING THE STORY

SETTING

WHEN OR WHERE THE STORY TAKES PLACE;


CAN INFLUENCE THE PLOT OF THE STORY

BIAS

BASING A CONCLUSION ON PERSONAL


OPINION RATHER THAN FACTS; ONE-SIDED


ARGUMENT OR OPINION

MORAL

THE LESSON OF A MYTH OR A FOLKTALE