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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Impact of Industrial revolution 1

4 Factors

1. Population Booms - more consumers!

2. Consumers have increased demand for more Products, hence demand for Mass production

3. Improvement of transportation systems

4. Improvement of Infrastructures - telecommunications

Impact of Industrial revolution 2

5 Factors

1. New workforce (lower) skilled in operating Machines

2. Expensive and highly skilled crafted work replaced by machine work

3. Products more Affordable

4. Products became more accesible to ordinary working people

5. Demand for new products increased

6 factors of a Mass Consumer Society
1. Affluent

2. Throw away culture

3. High demand for convenience goods

4. Advertising and Marketing are prominent features

5. Responds to fashions and fads

6. targets the young

Planned obsolescence


the designing of products to wear out or to become outdated quickly so people will feel a need to replace their possessions frequently
Planned Obsolescence

How it works?

Manufacturing strategy to increase profit by

A.) Marketing new products only superficially improved over a previous form of a product or B.) Creating products designed to deteriorate in a selected time span.

Mass Production and 6 Employment issues
1. Craftsman replaced by low skilled workers

2. Low skilled = Low pay

3. Hugh volumes of workers led to "sweatshops" 4. Rise of the Unions to protect worker interests 5. Workers now worked in Highly mechanised factories = boredom!!

6. There were often Health & Safety issues

Mass Production and Employment -

The two types of worker?

Highly skilled, well paid, technical roles involving setting up and maintaining machinery

Low Skilled, low paid operator jobs that are highly repetitive and result in poor job satisfaction with low morale and low self-esteem

4 Forms of Planned Obsolescence
1. Technological - due to new tech.

2. Postponed - due to holding back tech that exists already.

3. Physical - life limited by its own design

4. Style - limited by fashion and trend influences

3 ways by which the influence of computers in design has helped the development of new products
1. CIM systems improve lead times

2. Faster turnaround times from design to realisation

3. Development of new technologies means that unit cost have dropped

4 Benefits of Miniaturisation
1. Development of Micro-electronics has meant components can be made smaller

2. Integrated circuits can be made more powerful and have greater functionality

3. Improved Battery technology

4. Improved displays

4 Different smart materials
1. Smart Glass

2. Shape Memory Alloy

3. Thermochromic pigments

4. Smart Fluids

Smart Glass
glass panels change light emission properties when voltage applied
Shape memory alloy
Can return to its original shape even after been deformed
What is smart grease/fluid
Used in a cars suspension system to change the type of ride a car experiencesThe fluid contains metallic elements that alter the viscosity of a fluid when a magnetic field is applied
Thermo chromic pigments
They change colour at different temperatures. They can be added to acrylic paints to make more colour changes. For example, if a blue thermochromic pigment which turns colourless when hot is added to yellow acrylic paint, it will appear green when cool but yellow when hot.
The Global Marketplace: 4 Opportunities 4 Challenges
Opportunities: Take advantage of local resources, increased market share, new diverse products. cheap labour Challenges :language barriers, transport, taxes, culture change
In a Global Marketplace....5 things to consider
1. The entire world is a marketplace

2. You need to understand the local market

3. National borders are irrelevant

4. The potential for organizations to grow expands dramatically

5. Design teams can design for the needs of a local market or culture but they must acquire a good understanding of the local context or setting

1. What is Offshore Manufacturing?

2. What are 3 advantages?

1. The process of shifting production to a foreign country

2. Cheaper land, cheaper Labour Opportunity to take advantage of local Expertise

5 reasons why a developing local economy MIGHT benefit from involvement of Multi-Nationals companies or corporations?
New employment opportunities-

Improved communication networks-

Improved transport systems -

Improved infrastructures for energy provision-Investment in local communities such as housing healthcare and shops

5 reasons why a developing local economy might NOT benefit from involvement of Multi-Nationals companies or corporations?
Increased local pollution

Destruction of local habitat

Low pay and limited promotion opportunities for locals

Lower safety standards

End to local skills and crafts