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31 Cards in this Set

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Define: "Enteral"
Relating of or to the intestines
Define: "Parenteral"
Pertaining to delivery methods other than the intestines
What the main sources of product contamination?
1) People (Most common)
2) Air supply
3) Infiltration
4) Internal Generation
What is the air flow rate of a laminar air flow hood?
90 linear feet per minute
Define: "HEPA Filter"
High Efficiency Particular Air Filter

Removes 99.97% of all air particles 0.3 mm or larger
What is the type of air flow used in Laminar Air Flow Hoods?
Horizontal - Blows air towards the worker, best suited for non-chemo preps
What is the type of air flow used in a Biological Safety Cabinet
Vertical - Blows air from the top down

Important to maintain sterility while protecting the worker. Best suited for chemo preps.
How far away from the hood should aseptic manipulations be made and why?
6 inches

This decreases the risk of contamination via room air entering the hood
Define: "Barrier Isolator Technology"
A closed system in which workers manipulate compounding through gloved ports.

Still requires good aseptic techniques for use
What does a Barrier Isolator Work Station consist of?
1) Physical Structure
2) Internal Environment
3) Transfer and Interaction Technology
4) Monitoring Systems
Describe the internal environment of Barrier Isolator Workstations
Less air flow is required than other hoods, and air enters and exits via a HEPA filter.

Positive pressure is used for non-chemo products

Negative pressure is used for chemo products
Define: "Hub"
Where the needle attaches to syringe tip allowing fluid in the syringe barrel
Define: "Bevel"
The slanted needle tip, designed for smooth insertions through stoppers and ports
Define: "Coring"
Development for a core or hole in the rubber of the vial
Define: "Needle Gauge"
This is the width of the needle.

The larger the gauge number, the finer the diameter of the needle

Tip to remember: The HIGHER in altitude you climb, the THINNER the air becomes
What is listed on the label of parenteral products?
- Name of drug
- Concentration (amount/volume) / % of drug present / volume of liquid to be added
- Manufacturer/Distributor
- Lot Number
- Name and Quantity of all substances added
- Expiry Date
How long can immediate use parenteral drugs be used at room temperature?
1 Hour
How long can low risk parenteral drugs be used at room temperature?
48 Hours
How long can low risk with 12-Hour BUD parenteral drugs be used at room temperature?
12 Hours

Tip to remember: It says 12 hour BUD
How long can medium risk parenteral drugs be used at room temperature?
30 Hours
How long can high risk parenteral drugs be used at room temperature?
24 Hours
How long can immediate use parenteral drugs be used when refrigerated?
1 Hour
How long can low risk parenteral drugs be used when refrigerated?
14 Days
How long can low risk with 12-Hour BUD parenteral drugs be used when refrigerated?
12 Hours

*Shocking, I know
How long can medium risk parenteral drugs be used when refrigerated?
9 Days
How long can high risk parenteral drugs be used when refrigerated?
3 Days
How long can immediate use parenteral drugs be used when frozen?
N/A
How long can low risk parenteral drugs be used when frozen?
45 Days
How long can low risk with 12-Hour BUD parenteral drugs be used when frozen?
N/A

*Watch this one, tricky tricky*
How long can medium risk parenteral drugs be used when frozen?
45 Days
How long can high risk parenteral drugs be used when frozen?
45 Days