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16 Cards in this Set

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Reinforcement


presentation


or


removal of a stimulus FOLLOWING a response


that


INCREASES the future frequency of a response


"works" by definition


can be positive(appetitive)/negative(aversive)


automatic or socially mediated

Why should we use reinforcement?


to get behavior going


to strengthen behavior


keep behavior going (maintenance)


to establish what they "should" be doing?


thin schedule as it is strengthened and begins to contact naturally occurring reinforcement

Using Positive Reinforcement

First, identify appetitive stimuli, collect baseline data, deliver contingently, if didn't increase/maintain: evaluate appetivie, contingency, and integrity.


Using Negative reinforcement


allowing a break (removal) from an academic task).

identify, collect baseline data, contingently, reevaluate integrity, contingency, and aversive stimuli


which schedule is appropriate for building behavior?


When selecting a schedule of reinforcement: attend to the starting point and the goal.

FR 1: continuous


FIXED SCHEDULES: produce?

Unsteady (pause and burst)

Variable schedules: Produce?

steady responding


Ratio Schedules in comparison to interval schedules : produce?


fixed ratio


variable ratio

higher rates


Very high rates


high and steady rates


fixed interval


variable interval


scallop responding


low to moderate responding

Issues Related to Reinforcement


mand monster


shadow SD


reinforcing undesirable behavior


FOR NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT:


emotional responding


Reprimands can function as reinforcement?


true or false?

true

this schedule of reinforcement is typically used to establish or strengthen a behavior

crf (FR1)


Which of these is NOT an unwanted effect of reinforcement?


creating cookie mand monster


emotional responding


shadowing the SD


behavior failing to occur

behavior failing to occur

punishment

addition or removal of a stimulus following a response that results in a decrease in that response in the future

socially mediated reinforcement

involves another person (broken remote), ask another person to turn the tv on

automatic

occurs without social mediation by another person (I turn the tv on and I am able to watch my favorite program)