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254 Cards in this Set

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ABANDON

to give up completely
- abandoned the sinking ship.

ABASH

To lose self-confidence; to confuse, put to shame

– abashed before the assembled dignitaries.

Synonyms: fluster, disconcert, discomfit, discompose
Antonym: (adj.) self-possessed

ABDICATE

To give up claim to

- abdicated the throne

Synonyms: renounce, abandon, relinquish

ABET

To encourage -or support
- treacherously abetted the enemy.

Synonyms: spur, incite
Antonym: deter

ABRIDGE

To shorten

- abridged his lengthy speech.

Synonyms: curtail, diminish, retrench
Anthonyms: protract, elongate, amplify

ABROGATE

To abolish or render void

- a treaty abrogated by mutual consent.

Synonyms: annul, nullify, rescind, void

ABSTEMIOUS

Moderate in the use of food or drink

- abstemious in his habits.

Synonym: temperate

ACADEMIC

Pertaining to school; theoretical academic interests; an academic discussion, with no practical implications.

Synonym: scholastic

ACCEDE

To agree to

-accede to a request.

Synonym: assent
Antonym: demur

ACCELERATE

To quicken, speed tip

- took an accelerated course in order to graduate early.

Synonym: expedite (adj. expeditious)
Antonym: retard

ACCOLADE

An award or salute

- a tremendous accolade for a returning hero.

Synonyms: tribute, ovation

ACCORD

Agreement or harmony

- in full accord with his view.

Synonyms: concord, concurrence
Antonyms:dissension, discord

ACRIMONIOUS

Sharp or harsh in language or temper

- stung by the acrimonious remark.

Synonyms:caustic, acerb, pungent, tart, mordant, acrid; (noun) asperity
Antonyms:suave, affable

ACUMEN

Keenness of mind or insight

- showing exceptional business acumen.

Synonyms:perspicacity, discernment, perception
Antonym:obtuseness

ADMONISH
(noun: ADMONITION)

To warn or find fault gently

- admonishing the unruly child.

Synonyms:chide, caution, reprimand, reprehend, reproach

ADVERSARY

An opponent

- his adversary in a bitter debate.

Synonym:antagonist
Antonyms:cohort, confederate, ally, accomplice

ADVERSITY

Misfortune

- calm in the face of adversity.

Synonyms:affliction, mischance, reverses

AESTHETIC

Pertaining to the beautiful

- interested in aesthetic values rather than in purely practical affairs.

AFFABLE

Sociable, courteous, and agreeable in manner a much admired, affable gentleman.

Synonyms: civil, complaisant, benign, gracious, genial, urbane, cordial
Antonyms:curt, brusque, rude, boorish, surly

AFFLUENT

Prosperous, flourishing; copious - a large bequest from an affluent grandfather.

Synonyms:opulent, profuse
Antonyms:destitute, impecunious

AGGRESSIVE
(noun: AGGRESSION. an unprovoked attack)

self-assertive; attacking, offensive
- annoyed people by his aggressive attitude;

Synonyms:bumptious, officious, obtrusive
Antonyms:meek, humble, retiring, diffident

ALACRITY

Eagerness; cheerful promptness

- responded to the flattering offer with alacrity.

Synonyms:celerity, briskness, energy, animation
Antonyms:apathy, nonchalance, sluggishness, lethargy, phlegmatism

ALIENATE
To estrange

- altenated by his gruff manner.
ALLAY
To calm; to lessen in severity

- at ease now that his fears have been allayed.

Synonyms:appease, alleviate, pacify, assuage, abate, mitigate, propitiate, mollify, placate
Antonyms:intensify, aggravate
ALLUDE
(noun: ALLUSION)
To refer to indirectly

- alluded quite subtly to his friend's misfortune.

Synonyms:insinuate, intimate, imply
Antonyms:refer, cite
ALLURE
To tempt by flattery or an attractive offer

- allured by the prospect of a new job.

Synonyms:lure, decoy, inveigle, entice, seduce, wheedle, beguile, cajole
Antonym:repel
AMBIGUOUS
Uncertain, vague, capable of being inter- in more than one way

- puzzled by the ambiguous statement.

Synonyms:hazy, obscure, equivocal, dubious, nebulous
Antonyms:explicit, unquestionable
AMENABLE
Obedient; willing to submit

- amenable to the suggestion.

Synonyms:tractable, docile, responsive
Antonyms:intractable, refractory, recalcitrant
AMIABLE
Good-natured; friendly

- attracted friends by his amiable disposition.

Synonym:complaisant
ANACHRONISM
A thing placed or occurring out of its normal time

- A machine gun at the Battle of Yorktown would be an anachronism.
ANALOGY
(adj.: ANALOGOUS)
A relation between two things shown in the resemblance not of the things themselves but of their characteristics

- He indicated points of analogy between the two situations.

Synonyms:correspondence, affinity
Antonym: anomaly (a deviation from the general rule)
ANARCHY
State of confusion or lawlessness

- a country brought to utter anarchy by civil war.

Synonyms: chaos, pandemonium
ANIMUS
A feeling of hatred-felt no animus, even against the enemy.

Synonyms: enmity, rancor, malevolence, animosity
Antonym: amity
ANNALS
Historical records

- in the annals of literature.
ANONYMOUS
Of unknown authorship

- an anonymous publication.
ANTHOLOGY
A collection of choice literary works

– an anthology of modern poetry.
ANTITHESIS
(adj.: ANTITHETICAL)
Contrast; the direct opposite

- His selfish attitude seemed to me the antithesis o patriotism.
APATHY
(adj.: APATHETIC)
Lack of feeling, emotion, or interest

- attributed his failure to apathy, rather than lack of ability.

Synonyms: torpor, lethargy, sluggishness, listlessness, languor, lassitude, dispassion; (verb) languish
Antonyms:zeal, animation
APPREHENSIVE
(verb: APPREHEND)
Fearful

- Being unprepared, John is apprehensive of the examination.
APPRISE
To inform

- apprisedhis lieutenants of the new situation.
APPROBATION
Approval; praise

-a plan that met with hearty approbation.

Synonyms:sanction, commendation

Synonyms:sanction, commendation
Antonym:disapprobation
APT
(noun: APTITUDE, APTNESS)
(1) Likely; inclined or disposed - apt to succeed.
Synonym: prone

(2) Fit, suitable - an apt remark.
Synonyms: appropriate, felicitous

(3) Skillful, expert - apt at woodcarving.
Synonyms: deft, dextrous, adept. Antonym: inept
ARBITER
A person who has authority to decide matters in dispute

- a fair decision rendered by the arbiter.

Synonyms: mediator, arbitrator
ARCHETYPE
An original pattern - copies reproduced from the archetype.

Synonym: prototype
Antonyms: Stereotype, facsimile, replica
ARID
Dry; barren

- the arid desert land.

Synonyms. jejune, parched
Antonyms: arable, fertile
ARISTOCRACY
Government by the best people; a privileged class

- special privileges enjoyed by the aristocracy.

Synonym: oligarchy
Antonym: democracy
ARMISTICE
A temporary suspension of hostilities.

- The armistice halted the war.

Synonym: truce
ARTFUL
Sly; crafty

- attained his mean objective by artful measures.

Synonyms: cunning, wily, adroit, ingenious, guileful
Antonyms: guileless, ingenuous, artless
ARTICULATE (verb)
To speak clearly or distinctly

- articulated slowly so that he could not be misunderstood.

(adj.): Capable of speech; distinct, clear

– an articulate man, always ready to give his views.
ASCETIC
Rigorously self-denying

- pursued the ascetic life of a monk.

Synonyms: austere, abstinent
Antonyms: wanton, self-indulgent
ASKANCE
With distrust

- looked askance at the forged signature.
ASSEVERATE
To declare positively; to confirm

- asseverated his views with conviction.

Synonyms:assert, avouch, aver, avow, allege
Antonyms:gainsay, controvert, recant, rescind, abjure, disavow
ASSIDUOUS
Industrious

- an assiduous worker, toiling long hours.

Synonyms:sedulous, attentive, diligent, indefatigable
Antonyms:indolent, slothful
ASYLUM
A place offering shelter and retreat

- found asylum from persecution.

Synonyms:sanctuary, refuge
ATHEIST
One who denies that God exists

- The atheist declared, "There is no God."

Synonyms:infidel, agnostic, skeptic
ATTRIBUTE
(verb): Assign

-attributed his success to bard work.

Synonym: ascribe

(noun): An inherent quality

-Generosity was his outstanding attribute.
AUGMENT
To increase or enlarge

- an army augmented by numerous enlistments.

Synonyms: enhance, amplify Antonyms: abate, curtail
AUSPICIOUS
Indicating a happy outcome

- The prospect for this project appears auspicious.

Synonyms:propitious, fortunate
Antonyms:ominous, foreboding
AUTHENTIC
Genuine

-proved to be an authentic document.

Synonyms:veritable, bona fide
Antonyms;apocryphal, counterfeit, spurious, bogus
AUTOCRATIC
Despotic

- feared by the masses as an autocratic ruler.

Synonym:tyrannical
Antonym:benevolent
AVARICE
Excessive greed

- a fortune accumulated by avarice and miserliness.

Synonyms:covetousness, cupidity, avidity
Antonym:magnanimity
AWRY
Unsymmetrical; not straight

- the picture, hanging awry on the wall.

Synonym:askew
BANAL
Lacking in freshness, originality, or vigor

- bored by his banal remarks.

Synonyms:commonplace, hackneyed, prosaic, trite, stereotyped, vapid
Antonyms:racy, original, vivid
BANEFUL
(noun: BANE: poison; source of harm)
Destructive, poisonous

- a baneful effect, causing serious injury.

Synonyms: deleterious, pernicious, virulent, noxious, toxic
Antonym:beneficent
BANTER
Good-natured teasing or ridicule

-The two wits I exchanged banter, to the amusement of the audience.

Synonyms:raillery, chaff
BATON
A stick or staff

- The conductor wielded his baton gracefully.
BELIE
To give a false idea of

- His gracious manner belled his. evil purpose.

Synonym:misrepresent
BELLICOSE
Inclined to quarrel; warlike

- His bellicose attitude often got John into fights.

Synonyms: pugnacious, contentious, disputatious
Antonyms: pacific, conciliatory
BELLIGERENT
Engaged in war

- two belligerent nations warring fiercely.
BENEVOLENT
Kindly; charitable

- like a benevolent monarch, bestowing many favors.

Synonyms: benign, benignant, gracious, magnanimous
Antonyms: malevolent, malignant
BEREAVE
To deprive or leave desolate by loss

- a widow just bereaved of her husband.
BESMIRCH
To soil or dirty

- besmirched his opponent's good name with vile epithets.

Synonyms: stilly, defile, smirch, bespatter
BIASED
Prejudiced

- misled by a biased point of view.

Synonyms:bigoted, arbitrary, partial, partisan
Antonyms:disinterested, equitable
BIBLIOPHILE
A lover of books

- The bibliophile fingered the old book fondly.

Antonym: bibliophobe
BIZARRE
Queer; unusual in appearance

- bizarre clothes, outlandish in the extreme.

Synonyms:odd, fantastic, grotesque, eccentric
BLAND
Gentle; polite; agreeable

- a bland diet, without irritating foods.

Synonyms: mild, suave (affable or persuasive in manner), soothing, non-irritating
Antonyms: piquant, tart, racy, caustic, acrid, pungent
BLANDISHMENT
A flattering speech or act

- attracted people by his blandishments.
BLEMISH
(verb): To scar or spoil

- Bad associates blemished his character

(noun): A disfigurement, defect

- a character without a blemish.
BLIGHT
To ruin or decay

- the rotting wheat-, blighted by incessant rain.

Synonyms:wither, blast
BLITHE
Gay and light-hearted in spirit or mood

- spread cheer with her blithe spirit.

Synonyms: jocund, merry, joyous
Antonyms: dejected, forlorn, abject
BOG
A swamp

- sank into the spongy bog.

Synonyms: morass, fen, quagmire, mire
BOMBASTIC
(noun: BOMBAST)
High-sounding; pretentious in language

- a bombastic speech, inflated with meaningless high-flown words.

Synonyms: ranting, pompous, fustian
BOORISH
Unrefined in speech or manners

- exhibited the boorish manners of a backwoodsman.

Synonyms:churlish, uncouth. uncultured, crass
Antonym: suave
BUCOLIC
Pertaining to the country

- a bucolic poem de- the joys of the shepherd.

Synonyms:pastoral, rustic, rural
BUFFOON
A clown

- acting like a buffoon, full of ludicrous tricks.

Synonym: harlequin
BULWARK
1)An embankment used as a fortification

- a lofty bulwark for defense.

Synonym: rampart

2)A person, idea, or object serving as a protection

- acted as a bulwark in the fight against crime.
BUMPTIOUS
Obnoxiously conceited or self-assertive

- a bumptious monitor, puffed up with his own importance,

Synonyms: aggressive, arrogant, contumelious, overbearing
CABAL
A small group of persons engaged in plotting

- a cabal of prominent persons united to overthrow the government.

Synonyms: junto, faction
CACOPHONOUS
Unharmonious sounding

- a cacophonous blare of trumpets, noisy and discordant.

Synonyms: dissonant, discordant, blatant, strident, raucous Antonyms: mellifluous, euphonious, dulcet
CADAVEROUS
Corpselike; hence, haggard, pale

-His face appeared cadaverous from long imprisonment.

Synonyms: ghastly, gaunt, pallid (noun: pallor), wan, ashen
Antonyms: rubicund, florid
CALLOUS
Unfeeling or insensitive

- made callous by long suffering.

Synonyms: insensible, obdurate
CALUMNIATE
To accuse falsely or maliciously in order to injure another's reputation; slander

- calumniated his political opponent by spreading false rumors.

Synonyms: asperse, vilify, defame, scandalize
CANDID (noun: CANDOR)
Frank, outspoken

- impartial a candid reply that could hardly be more forthright.

Synonyms: artless, ingenuous, unbiased
Antonyms: guileful, evasive
CANTANKEROUS
Ill-natured; quarrelsome

– showed a cantankerous and sullen disposition.

Synonyms:petulant, peevish, contentious, pugnacious, testy, choleric, fretful
Antonyms:amiable, affable, equable
CAPRICIOUS
Inclined, through some whim or fancy change the mind, purpose, or actions suddenly

- a capricious person, undependable in mood or temper.

Synonyms:fickle, fitful, changeable, erratic, inconstant, crotchety, whimsical, mercurial
Antonyms:steadfast, constant, even-tempered
CAPTIOUS
Quick to find fault about trifles

- a captious critic pouncing on slight laws.

Synonyms:hypercritical, carping, carviling, censorious
CARICATURE
A picture or other description of a person which exaggerates ludicrously one or more of his distinctive features

- not a realistic portrait but a malicious caricature.
CASTIGATE
To punish or criticize severely

- castigated for using improper language.

Synonyms:reprove, upbraid, reprehend, censure, reprimand, chasten
Antonyms:commend, eulogize, laud
CELESTIAL
Pertaining to the sky; heavenly

- a celestial pageant of bright stars.

Synonyms:ethereal; (noun) firmament
CHAUVINIST
An extreme patriot

-a chauvinist with most pride in his country.

Synonym:jingoist
CHICANERY
Trickery, deception

- practised chicanery all his shady dealings.

Synonyms:duplicity, craft, stratagem, wile, subterfuge
CHRONIC
Continuing a long time; habitual

-a. chronic complaint, persisting for years.

Synonyms:persistent, unremitting, inveterate, incessant, constant
Antonyms:intermittent, sporadic, infrequent
CIRCUMSPECT
Cautious

- looked about him circumspectly.

Synonyms:prudent, vigilant, discreet, wary
Antonyms:rash, indiscreet, reckless, precipitate, foothardy, temerarious, headstrong
CIRCUMVENT
To gain an advantage by the use of trick to evade by the use of deception; to go around

- circumvented the law by evasive practices.

Synonyms:thwart, balk, outwit, delude
CIVIL
Of or having to do with citizens or the state
- We I civil duties as well as civil liberties.

Polite, courteous
- answered in a civil fashion.

Synonyms: respectful, gracious
CLAMOROUS
Loud and noisy

- a clamorous outburst the crowd outside.

Synonyms: vociferous, obstreperous, blatant, raucous, strident
Antonyms: muted, quiet
CLANDESTINE
Secret; stealthy

- a clandestine meeting known only to a few.

Synonyms: furtive, covert, surreptitious
Antonyms: overt, manifest, above-board
CLEMENT
Merciful; gentle

- a clement judge who tempered justice with leniency.

Synonyms: compassionate, forbearing
Antonyms: relentless, ruthless
COALITION (verb: COALESCE)
Alliance; merging of various units into one unit

- three parties forming a coalition to rule the country.

Synonyms: amalgamation, consolidation, fusion
COERCION
Compelling a person by physical force or other means to do something against his will

- rendered his services without the slightest coercion.

Synonyms: constraint, restraint, impelling
COGENT
Having the force to compel, usually by appealing to reason

- persuaded by cogent arguments.

Synonym: persuasive
COLLUSION
Working together secretly for an evil purpose

- acted in collusion to overthrow the government.

Synonyms: collaboration, conspiracy, conniving, machination
COMMODIOUS
Roomy

- a commodious apartment.

Synonyms: spacious, capacious, ample
COMPATIBLE
Harmonious; able

- to get along together parted company because they were not compatible.

Synonyms: congruous, consistent
Antonyms: incongruous, discordant, incompatible
COMPENDIUM
(adj.: COMPENDIOUS)
A brief summary of the main ideas of a larger work

- a compendium of chemistry in a slim volume.

Synonyms: synopsis, digest, precis, abstract, epitome
COMPENSATION
Payment for services

- just compensation for his labor.

Synonyms: stipend, remuneration, recompense, emolument
COMPLACENT
Self-satisfied

- looked on his own performance with a complacent smile.

Synonym: smug
COMPUNCTION
Regret for wrongdoing

- displayed slight compunction for his misdeed.

Synonyms: contrition, penitence, atonement, remorse, qualm
CONCEDE
To yield; to admit as true; to grant

- conceded victory to a superior force.

Synonyms: acquiesce, capitulate
CONDIGN
Well-deserved (applied chiefly to punishment)

- received condign punishment for his crime.
CONDOLE
(noun: CONDOLENCE)
To express sympathy with another in sorrow, pain, or misfortune

- condoled with each other in their grief.

Synonyms: commiserate, show compassion, solace
CONDONE
To forgive or overlook (an offense)

- condoned the deed, in view of the offender's age.

Synonyms: extenuate, palliate, mitigate, gloss
CONFEDERATE
(noun)(adj.)
(noun): A person allied with others for a special purpose (frequently a bad one)
- joined his confederate in secret enterprise.

Synonyms: collaborator, accomplice

(adj.): United or allied in a conspiracy
- two confederate groups hurrying to their rendezvous.
CONGENIAL
(2 answer)
(1) Possessing similar interests and tastes; able to get on well with others
- congenial people with similar backgrounds.
Synonym: compatible

(2) Agreeable
- congenial to his taste.
CONJECTURE
To guess

- Without facts, we can only conjecture about his guilt.

Synonyms: surmise, presume
CONSECRATE
(2 answer)
(1) To set apart as sacred
- consecrate the battlefield with a monument to the dead heroes.

Synonyms: hallow, sanctify Antonym: desecrate

(2) To devote or dedicate to some aim
- consecrated his life to teaching.
CONSENSUS
General agreement

- The consensus of the committee was that no action should be taken.

Synonym: accord
CONSTERNATION
Amazement; lack of courage caused by fearful prospect

- The threat struck deep consternation into John.

Synonyms: dismay, bewilderment
CONSTRUE
(noun: CONSTRUCTION)
To interpret, explain the sense of, or analyze

- construed the statement to his own advantage.
CONSUMMATE
(adj.)(verb)
(adj.): Perfect or highly accomplished
- achieved with consummate skill.

Antonyms: botched. bungled, inept

(verb): To complete, bring to perfection
- consummated the deal without delay.
CONTEMPTUOUS
Expressive of contempt (an emotion involving anger and disgust)

- cast a contemptuous look at his subordinate.

Synonyms: supercilious, scornful, disdainful, contumelious
CONVIVIAL
Festive; gay

- a convivial party.

Synonyms: jovial, jocund, mirthful
Antonyms: lugubrious, dolorous, mirthless
COPIOUS
Plentiful

- shed copious tears at the bad news.

Synonyms. profuse, bountiful, abundant
Antonyms: meager, scant
CORPULENT
Fat

- corpulent due to excessive eating.

Synonyms: obese, portly
Antonyms: gaunt, lank, emaciated, peaked
COSMOPOLITAN
(noun)(adj.)
(noun):One who is at home in all countries
- A cosmopolitan can feel at ease anywhere in the world.

(adj.): Free from local prejudices
- a world-wide traveler, cosmopolitan in tastes and attitudes.

Synonyms: Catholic
Antonyms: parochial, provincial
COTERIE
A group of people joined by common interests

- a coterie of select friend.

Synonym: clique
COUNTENANCE
(noun)(verb)
(noun): A face
- His countenance expressed his complete disgust.

Synonym: visage

(verb): To approve
- refused to countenance disrespectful conduct.

Synonym: sanction
CRASS
Coarse and stupid

- displayed crass ignorance.

Synonym: gross
CRAVEN
(noun)(adj.)
(noun): Coward
- the deed of a craven, motivated by fear.

Synonym. Poltroon

(adj.): Cowardly
- a craven act which shocked the world.

Synonyms: pusillanimous, dastardly.
Antonyms: stalwart, intrepid, valiant, stout-hearted
CREDENCE
Trust or belief

- gave little credence to the rumor.

Synonym: conviction
Antonym: skepticism
CREDIBLE
Worthy of belief

- a credible story, true to life.

Antonym: incredible
CREDITABLE
Deserving or reflecting Credit or honor

- applauded for his creditable performance.

Synonyms: praiseworthy, meritorious, commendable
Antonyms: discreditable, infamous, opprobrious, ignominious
CREDULOUS
Inclined to believe anything; easily imposed upon

- a credulous fool whom anyone can dupe.

Synonym: gullible
Antonyms: incredulous, skeptical
CRINGE
To shrink in fear

- cringing before superior force.

Synonyms, cower, flinch, fawn, truckle, wince
CRUCIAL
Decisive or critical; difficult

- the crucial event that decided the outcome.
CRYPTIC
Containing hidden meaning

- a cryptic message, difficult to decipher.

Synonyms: occult, enigmatic
Antonyms: palpable, manifest
CULPABLE
Deserving blame or censure

- removed from office for culpable negligence.

Synonyms: censurable, reprehensible
CUMBROUS
Burdensome and clumsy

- a cumbrous knapsack, impeding his march.

Synonyms: cumbersome, unwieldy, bulk
CURB
To control, check, or restrain

- forcibly curbed the people's protest.

Synonyms: repress, subdue
CURSORY
Hurried; hence, superficial

- Time permitted only a cursory examination.

Antonyms: painstaking, meticulous
CURT
Rudely abrupt

- offended by the curt response.

Synonyms: blunt, brusque, bluff
Antonyms: affable, civil
CYNICAL
Sneeringly distrustful of the good motives or conduct of others

- belittled the hero with a cynical remark.

Synonyms: sarcastic, surly
DEARTH
Scarcity

- a dearth of news, brought about by censorship.

Antonyms: plethora, abundance
DEFERENCE
Submitting to the wishes or judgment of another

- yielded out of deference to the old man.

Synonyms: respect, complaisance, veneration
Antonym: recalcitrance
DEITY
A god

-The sun was a deity to ancient peoples.

Synonym: divinity
DELECTABLE
Very pleasing

- a delectable meal, tastefully prepared.
DELETE
To erase or cancel, take out or remove

- deletedan offensive phrase.

Synonyms: expunge, censor, efface, eradicate
DELINEATE
To sketch or portray

- striking features, delineated by a master artist.
DELINQUENT
(noun)(adj.)
(noun): An offender
- found to be a delinquent by the court.

(adj.): Failing to fulfill an obligation
- too many people who are delinquent in meeting their civic duties.

Synonym: derelict
DELUGE
A great flood; downpour

- a spring deluge which caused the river to overflow.
DEMAGOGUE
A leader who tries to stir the passions of people for his own purposes

- the mob roused by an unprincipled demagogue.
DEMEANOR
Behavior; bearing

- carrying himself with a proud demeanor.

Synonyms: deportment, mien
DEMURE
Affectedly or falsely modest or prim

- serious demure as a Victorian maiden.

Synonyms: sedate, staid, decorous, prudish, coy
Antonyms: immodest, frivolous
DENOUNCE
(noun: DENUNCIATION)
To speak against

- denounced by the press as a traitor.

Synonyms: stigmatize, censure, reprehend, castigate
Antonyms: laud, eulogize
DEPLETE
To empty or to use up

- depleted the public treasury by vast building programs.

Synonyms: exhaust, drain
Antonyms: replenish; (adj.) replete
DEPLORE
To express sorrow or grief over

- a lamentable situation deplored by all parties.

Synonyms: lament, decry, grieve
DEPRAVED
Of low morals; corrupt

- a depraved mind, devising evil.

Synonyms: debased, wicked, vicious, perverted
DEPRECATE
To plead or argue against a certain course of action

- deprecated the proposal severely.

Synonyms: remonstrate, protest, decry, expostulate
Antonym: sanction
DEPRECIATE
To belittle or speak slightingly of

- depreciated John's acting ability.

Synonyms: disparage, derogate (adj. derogatory)
Antonyms: enhance, magnify, extol, laud, eulogize
DEVASTATION
Widespread ruin

- the city left in utter devastation by war.

Synonyms: destruction, desolation
DEVIOUS
(2 answer)
(1) Winding; indirect
- took a devious, rather than the direct way home.

Synonym: circuitous

(2) Straying from the right course
- used devious means to attain his wicked ends.

Synonyms: crooked, erring
DEVOID
Lacking in; not possessing

- a speech devoid of even a trace of ill-will.

Synonym: destitute
Antonyms: abounding, prevalent
DEVOUT
Devoted to religious observances

- devout in his regularity of attendance at worship.

Synonyms: pious, religious
Antonym: impious
DICTUM
Art authoritative statement; a saying

- an imperial dictum demanding instant compliance.
DIDACTIC
Designed to teach, imparting a lesson

- a poem with a didactic purpose.

Synonym: pedagogical
DIFFIDENT
Lacking in self-confidence

- too diffident to lead a group.

Synonyms: shy, timid, reserved, reticent, retiring
Antonyms: forward, aggressive
DILEMMA
A situation calling for a choice between two equally difficult alternatives; hence, a difficult or perplexing situation

- faced with a dilemma defying solution.

Synonyms:predicament, quandary, plight
DILETTANTE
One who dabbles in the fine arts for amusement only and without concentrated study

- a doctor by profession, a dilettante in art.

Synonyms:amateur, connoisseur
DISCONCERT
To confuse; to embarrass

- disconcerted by his suspicious stare.

Synonyms:perturb, discomfit, discompose, abash, disquiet, fluster
DISCONSOLATE
Depressed; without hope or possibility of consolation

- made disconsolate by abject poverty.

Synonyms:inconsolable, dejected
Antonyms:blithesome, carefree
DISCOURSE
To converse or talk; to discuss

- discoursed at length on the rise of political parties.
DISCRETE
Separate

- two discrete issues, totally unrelated.
DISCURSIVE
Rambling from one subject to another

- a discursive letter, covering many topics.

Synonyms:desultory, digressive
DISPARITY
(adj.: DISPARATE)
Inequality; difference in image, quantity, character, or rank

- great disparity between promise and performance.
DISPASSIONATE
Free from feeling or partiality

- coldly dispassionate as the chairman of the meeting

Synonyms:palm, impartial
Antonym:partial
DISPATCH
(verb)(noun)
(verb): To do speedily; to send off
- dispatched with remarkable promptness.

Synonym: expedite

(noun): A speedy performance; the sending off of something
- done with all possible dispatch.

Synonyms: celerity, alacrity
DISPEL
To drive away; to scatter

- dispelled a doubt that had lingered.

Synonyms:dissipate, disperse, diffuse
DISSENT
(noun: DISSENSION)
To disagree; to differ in opinion

- He dissented violently, rejecting compromise.
DISSOLUTE
Living loosely; unrestrained in conduct or morals

- his life wasted by dissolute conduct.

Synonyms:debauched, dissipated, profligate
DISTRAUGHT
Mentally distressed; distracted

- distraught by trials and tribulations.

Synonym: harassed
DIVERSE
(verb: DIVERSIFY;
noun: DIVISIBILITY)
Varied; different

- two diverse characters; one candid, the other insincere.

Synonym: multifarious
DIVERTING
Entertaining

- a diverting one of the most amusing I've ever seen.
DIVULGE
To make public or reveal

- refused to divulge his source of information.

Synonyms: disclose, impart
DOGMATIC
Positive in expressing an opinion; asserting an opinion as though it were an undisputed fact

- spoken dogmatically, as if the speaker considered himself infallible.

Synonyms: overbearing, opinionated, peremptory, dictatorial
DOLOROUS
Sorrowful; mournful

- a dolorous song full of sorrow for past joys.

Synonyms: doleful, lugubrious, grievous
Antonyms: jocund, blithe, mirthful
DYNAMIC
Forceful

- possessed dynamic energy, tireless and powerful.

Synonym: energetic
Antonyms: static, inert, dormant, torpid, sluggish, quiescent
ECCLESIASTIC
(adj.)(noun)
(adj.): Pertaining to the clergy or the church
- recognized as an authority in ecclesiastic matters. Antonyms: secular, lay

(noun): A clergyman
- an ecclesiastic of liberal views.
EDICT
A public command or proclamation issued by an authority

- proclaimed by royal edict.

Synonym: decree
EDIFY
To instruct or uplift, particularly in morals or religion

- a story that edifiesthe reader, as well as entertains him
EFFETE
No longer productive; hence, lacking in or, worn out

- powerful in ancient days, now an effete civilization.
EGOTISTIC
Conceited

- an egotisticperson, flourishing on praise.

Synonyms: egocentric, vain
Antonym: altruistic
EGREGIOUS
Outstandingly bad

- an egregious mistake with serious implications.
EJACULATE
To exclaim or utter suddenly

- ejaculateda cry of horror.
ELICIT
To draw out

- elicitedno response from the audience.

Synonyms: evoke, extract, extort
ELUCIDATE
To make clear; to explain

- elucidatedhis theory so that even a schoolboy could understand it.

Synonym: clarify
EMISSARY
A person sent on an errand or mission

- delegated his emissary to conclude a pact.
ENGENDER
To cause, produce, or stir up

- an act that engenderedgood will.
ENNUI
Boredom; weariness of mind

- fell asleep at the meeting from sheer ennui.
ENSUE
To follow or result

- Silence ensuedwhen the leader arose to speak.
ENTREAT
To beg earnestly

- entreatedthe judge to show mercy.

Synonyms: solicit, supplicate, beseech, implore, importune;

(adj.) importunate, mendicant, suppliant
EPHEMERAL
Very short-lived

- an ephemeraljoy, lasting but a day.

Synonyms: fleeting, transitory, transient, evanescent
Antonym: eternal
EPICUREAN
(noun)(adj.)
(noun): A person devoted to luxurious living and pleasure

- an epicurean, seeking to enjoy every meal.

(adj.): Pleasure-loving

- His entire existence demonstrated his epicureantastes.
EPIGRAM
A brief pointed saying

- a speech full of original epigrams.

Synonyms: maxim proverb, adage
EPITAPH
A tombstone inscription

- an epitaphengraved on marble.
EPITHET
A phrase that describes a quality (good or bad) in a person or thing

- "Glaring" error is a commonly used epithet.

Synonyms: characterization , appellation
EQUANIMITY
(adj.: EQUABLE)
Evenness of temper or mind

- suffered his cruel fate with equanimity.

Synonyms: serenity, composure, imperturbability, aplomb
ERR
(noun: ERRATUM)
To be mistaken or go astray

- To err is human, to forgive divine.

Synonyms: stray, blunder
ERRATIC
Irresponsible, eccentric

- lacking a fixed purpose erratic behavior, reflecting his queer ideas.
ERUDITE
Learned

- an erudite person, an editor of many books.

Synonyms: scholarly , knowing
ESOTERIC
Understood by only a select few

- an esoteric subject, discussed only by scholars.

Synonyms: abstruse, recondite
EXCEPTIONABLE
Objectionable

- exceptionable behavior, universally criticized.

Synonyms: questionable, reprehensible, censurable
Antonym: laudable
EXCULPATE
To free from blame

- exculpated by a jury.

Synonyms: vindicate, exonerate, absolve, acquit
Antonyms: arraign, indict, inculpate
EXEMPLARY
(noun: EXEMPLAR)
Serving as a model; commendable

- exemplary conduct approved by all.

Synonyms: illustrative, typical; praiseworthy, laudable
EXODUS
Departure, emigration

- the pathetic exodus of refugees from their homeland.
EXOTIC
Strange and foreign

- an exotic costume imported from Asia.
EXPATIATE
To speak or write at great length

- He expatiated on the subject for two hours.

Synonym: dilate
EXPATRIATE
(verb)(noun)
(verb): To banish or exile; to withdraw from one's country
- expatriated for treachery to his country.

(noun): An expatriated person
- expatriates who left the United States to live in Paris.
EXPEDIENT
(adj.)(noun)
(adj.): Convenient in helping to attain some purpose
- found it expedient to maintain silence at that moment.

Synonyms: opportune, seasonable

(noun): A means to accomplish something
- tried all expedients to achieve a quick result.
EXPLOIT
(verb)(noun)
(verb): To use for one's selfish purpose
– refugees exploited by unscrupulous employers.

(noun): A brilliant deed
- lauded for his exploits in science.

Synonym: feat
EXPOUND
(noun: EXPOSITION)
To set forth in detail; to explain

- expounded his theory in a learned article.
EXPURGATE
To purify (usually a piece of writing) of offensive material

- expurgate all obscenities before the book could be sold.

Synonyms: purge, delete
EXTEMPORANEOUS
Done or spoken on the spur of the moment or without preparation

- an extemporaneous speech.

Synonyms: impromptu, offhand
EXTINCT
No longer existing or active

- the extinct dinosaur, alive only in history.

Synonym: defunct
Antonym: extant
EXTIRPATE
To root out, destroy totally
- extirpated the cause of trouble.

Synonyms: eradicate, exterminate, efface, obliterate
EXTRANEOUS
Not essential; foreign; irrelevant
- excluded material extraneous to the subject.

Synonyms: extrinsic, adventitious
Antonyms: germane, intrinsic, inherent, relevant, pertinent
EXULTATION
Great rejoicing

- received the good news with exultation.

Synonym: jubilation
FACADE
Front or face, especially of a building

- a facade of marble.
FACETIOUS
Given to joking or inappropriate gaiety; said in fun

- brightened the evening with his facetious remarks.

Synonyms: jocose, droll, flippant, frivolous
Antonyms: solemn, grave, saturnine
FALLACIOUS
(noun: FALLACY)
Unsound; misleading; deceptive

- led astray by fallacious reasoning and plans.
FALLIBLE
Liable to make mistakes or be deceived

- Being human, Tom was naturally fallible.

Antonyms: infallible, unerring
FATHOM
To penetrate and understand

- difficult to fathom his mysterious actions.
FATUOUS
Foolish; silly

- a fatuous suggestion that struck us as stupid.

Synonyms: inane, vacuous, puerile
Antonyms: judicious, sagacious, sage
FEALTY
Faithfulness

- The soldiers were pledged to fealty to their ruler.

Synonyms: allegiance, constancy, fidelity
Antonyms: disloyalty; infidelity, treachery
FEASIBLE
Workable

- a feasible plan, proved practical by - previous experience.

Antonym: impracticable
FEIGN
(noun: FEINT)
To pretend

- He feigned to be angry, but we saw through his pretense.

Synonyms: dissemble, sham, dissimulate, affect
FELICITY
(adj.: FELICITOUS)
(2 answer)
(1) A state of happiness
- promoted felicity in the nation.

Synonym: bliss

(2) A high ability
- lie has a felicity of language, mastery of the well-chosen phrase.
FERVID
Spirited; ardent

- a fervid debater, full of emotion.

Synonyms: perfervid, impassioned, zealous, fervent, vehement
FESTOON
(noun)(verb)
(noun): A garland of flowers, leaves, etc. hung between two points
- the room bright with festoons of Thanksgiving decorations.

(verb): To hang with festoons
- a room festooned with spring flowers.
FETISH.
(2 answer)
(1) Something that is believed to have magical powers
- savages worshipping the fetish in a ceremonial dance.

Synonym: charm, talisman, amulet

(2) An object of unreasoning devotion and worship
– Photography, begun as a hobby, became a fetish.
FIASCO
A ludicrous and complete failure

- all his glorious plans ending in a fiasco.

Synonym: debacle
FICTITIOUS
Unreal; made-up

- used a fictitious name to avoid being recognized.

Synonym: fabricated
FLACCID
Lacking firmness

- muscles grown flaccid after the illness.

Synonyms: flabby, limp
FLAGRANT
Outstandingly bad

- condemned for his flagrant abuse of power.

Synonyms: glaring, scandalous, notorious, conspicuous, gross
FLAMBOYANT
Elaborately showy

- written in a flamboyant, style, full of highly decorative imagery.

Synonyms: florid, ornate, resplendent, embellished, garish, gaudy, gorgeous, rococo
Antonym: somber