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25 Cards in this Set

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dwight D. eisenhower

president from 1953-1961, ran for two terms; a war hero, grandfatherly, had a big smile, and the "I like Ike" slogan and song was catchy

richard m nixon

President of the United States from 1969-1974, he rose to national prominence as a "communist hutner" and member of HUAC in the 1950s. He was vice president under Eisenhower from 1953-1961 and defended American capitalism in the 1959 Kitchen Debate with Khrushchev. He ran unsuccessfully for president against JFK in 1960 but was elected in 1968, resigning amid the Watergate scandal in 1974

the feminine mystique

1963; a book written by Betty Friedman that started the modern feminist movement

betty friedan

author of The Feminine Mystique

rock n roll

"crossover" musical style that rose to dominance in the 1950s, merging rhythm and blues with white bluegrass and coutry; featuring a heavy beat and driving rhythm, rock 'n' roll music became a defining feature of 1950s youth culture

elvis presley

Memphis-born singer whose youth, voice, and sex appeal helped popularize rock 'n' roll in the mid-1950s. Commonly known using only his first name, he was an icon of popular culture, in both music and film

checkers speech

1952; during presidential elections, running V.P. Nixon was accused of having used a secret "slush fund" as a senator and gave this speech. He spoke of his dog Checkers and how his little girl loved the dog and said he wasn't a crook. The public forgave him.

chief justice earl warren

Liberal Californian politician appointed Chief Justice the Supreme Court by Eisenhowerin 1953, he was principally known for moving the Court to the left in defense of civil and individual rights in such cases as Brown v. Board of Education (1954), Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), and Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

jim crow

system of racial segregation in the American South from the end of Reconstruction until mid-twentieth century. Based on the concept of "separate but equal" facilities for blacks and whites, it sought to prevent racial mixing in public, including restaraunts, movie theatres, and public transportation. An informal system, it was generally perpetuated by custom, violence, and intimidation

brown vs. board of education

1954; overturned Plessy v. Ferguson case which stated "separate but equal"-- segregated public schools were unconstitutional and should be integrated

rosa parks

NAACP leader in Montgomery, Alabama, who inaugurate the city's famous bus boycott in 1955 by refusing to give up her seat on a public bus to a white passenger. She became a leading symbol of the spirit of the Civil Rights Movement and the cause of racial equality throughout her long life

martin luthar king Jr.

an African American reverend that advocated "peaceful resistant" during the Civil Rights Movement and formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

student non violent coordinating committee

youth organization founded by southern black students in 1960 to promote civil rights. drawing on its members' youthful energies, it helped coordinate demonstrations, sit-ins, and voter registration drives

eisenhower doctrine

1957; it promised U.S. help to the Middle East if threatened by communism

hungarian uprising

series of demonstrations in Hungray against the Soviet Union in which Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev violently suppressed this pro-Western uprising, highlighting the limitations of American's power in Eastern Europe

korean conflict

First "hot war" of the Cold war. The Korean War began in 1950 when the Soviet-backed North Koreans invaded South Korea before meeting a counter-offensive by UN Forces, dominated by the United States. The war ended in stalemate in 1953. (938)

ho chi minh

the Vietnam communist leader that controlled North Vietnam and eventually took all of South Vietnam

the suez crisis

1956; Egyptian nationalist Gamal Abdel Nassar took control of the Suez Canal which threatened the oil supply to the West

sputnik

1957; the first satellite in orbit placed by the Russians which stunned Americans into "rocket fever"

nikita krushchev

USSR's communist leader, Stalin's successor

francis gary powers

American pilot whose CIA plane was shot down during a reconnaissance mission over Soviet Union airspace, causing the 1960 U-2 incident.

space race

The Space Race was a 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for supremacy in spaceflight capability.

castro and cuba

LA nation where a 1959 communist revolution ousted US backed dictator

election of 1960

The United States presidential election of 1960 was the 44th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1960. The Republican Party nominated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, while the Democratic Party nominated John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senator from Massachusetts

john f kennedy

president from 1961-1963; young and articulate, and spoke into the camera (to the viewers)--assassinated and V.P. LBJ took presidency