• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

rapid appearance of neurons in the developing brain

neuron proliferation (neurogenesis)

chemicals that transmit nerve impulses away from one nerve cell to another

movement of neurons within the brain that makes sure all brain areas have neural connections

neuronal migration

elimination of some neurons that surround newly formed synapses around neighboring neurons

programmed cell death

deterioration of synapses that are not being used (ex. language sounds)

synaptic pruning

capacity of the brain to change in response to input from the external environment

brain plasticity

What is the sensitive period for brain development?

before the age of 3

the reflexes you are born with that we eventually lose as we adapt to our environment

primitive reflexes (ex. sucking, rooting)

reflexes we are born with that continue

permanent reflexes (ex. blinking, gag)

motor skills that use large muscles and develop first

gross motor skills

motor skills that use small muscles and develop later on

fine motor skills

growth centers at the end of a long bone where new cartilage cells are produces from growth plates and gradually harden


What are the functions of infant reflexes?


evolutionary adaptive function

later motor development

parent child bond (responsiveness)

During REM sleep the infants brain stimulates itself, in turn stimulates development of the CNS

Autostimulation Theory

Evidence supporting the autostimulation theory

*pre-term babies spend more time in REM sleep

*infants w/more stimulation REM sleep less

*disturbed REM sleep linked to late developmental difficulties

What are some self-soothing strategies?


turning heads

What are 4 factors necessary for a new motor skill to emerge?

CNS development

body movement capacities

child's goals

environmental support

Theory that says new motor skills are reorganizations of previously mastered skills, which lead to more effective ways of controlling and exploring the environment

Dynamic Systems Theory of Motor Development

What does the Visual Cliff Experiment tell us about the relationship between motor, perceptual and emotional development?

depth perception is not a reflex, it's learned. babies crawling longer would not cross

Benefits of breast-feeding

milk perfectly meets needs of the child
protects the child against obesity

builds immune system

define obesity

greater than 20% increase over healthy BMI

Primary causes of childhood obesity



social learning

family habits



Immediate and long-term effects of malnourishment

immediate: interfere with development

long term: low basal metabolic rate (high metabolism)

Primary consequences of childhood obesity for children

non-organic failure to thrive

psychosocial dwarfism

when access to food is scarce, causes people to over eat when they do get food

food insecurity

How does stress influence brain development?

stress impairs the development of emotional/cognitive skills; learning disabilities

capacity of the brain to change in form in response to input from the external environment

brain plasticity