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63 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

what are the two parta of the legislative branch

House of Representatives


senate

what is the job of the legislative branch

to make laws

how many members does the House of Representatives have

435 (depends on states population)

how many members does the senate have

100 (2 from each state)

3 things to become representative

at least 25


U.S. citizen for 7 years


resident of state you represent

3 things to become senator

at least 30


U.S. citizen for 9 years


resident of state you represent

how long is term for representative

2yrs

how long is term for senator

6 year

head of house

speaker of the house


also controlling officer


-submits laws for entire country


-votes on revenue and tax laws

3 reasons person runs for representative

-civic duty


-change policy


-advance politically

head of senate

-Vice President if absent president pro tempore


-approves houses bills before they move to president


-approves treaties with other countries


-looks at presidents decisions


-approves people on Supreme Court

legislative branchs check on other branches

- approves treaties


- looks at presidents


decisions


-can request to


impeach government


officials


-vote on presidents


budget

legislative branchs check on executive branch

executive- approves treaties


- looks at presidents


decisions


-can request to


impeach government


officials


-vote on presidents


budget (revenue and tax laws)

legislative check on judicial branch

approves people on Supreme Court

members of executive branch

president


Vice President


cabinet

head of executive brsnch

president

head of executive brsnch

president

requirements to be president

35 yrs or older


born in U.S.


live in U.S. for 14


belong to political party

requirements to vote

18 yrs


U.S. citizen


registered to vote

cabinet

15 departments


two parts : department heads and Vice President

what is department head cLled

secretary

secretary

appointed by president


must be approved by senate


sworn in by Chief Justice

secretary

appointed by president


must be approved by senate


sworn in by Chief Justice

what must budget include

how much to spend


what to spend it on


how to raise money

presidents duties

must give "state of the Union Address"


meets with world leaders


makes treaties


is commander in chief of military (army navy Air Force marines coast guard)


controls federal judges ( FBI CIA ATF INS)


vice president

1. ready to be president if president dies, resigns, or unable to do the job


2. president of senate


3. tie breaker for senate


4. member of cabinet

executive checks on legislative branch

can veto a bill

executive check on judicial branch

appoints federal judges

job of executive branch

to carry out and enforce laws

job of executive branch

to carry out and enforce laws

job of supreme court

decide what national laws mean


to interpret the constitution

job of executive branch

to carry out and enforce laws

job of supreme court

decide what national laws mean


to interpret the constitution

supreme court

reaches decision by majority


similar to state supreme courts


different from trail courts


decision is final

job of executive branch

to carry out and enforce laws

job of supreme court

decide what national laws mean


to interpret the constitution

supreme court

reaches decision by majority


similar to state supreme courts


different from trail courts


decision is final

justices

no requirements


job for life

job of executive branch

to carry out and enforce laws

job of supreme court

decide what national laws mean


to interpret the constitution

supreme court

reaches decision by majority


similar to state supreme courts


different from trail courts


decision is final

justices

no requirements


job for life

steps to become Justice

president chooses them


senate approves them

job of executive branch

to carry out and enforce laws

job of supreme court

decide what national laws mean


to interpret the constitution

supreme court

reaches decision by majority


similar to state supreme courts


different from trail courts


decision is final

justices

no requirements


job for life

steps to become Justice

president chooses them


senate approves them

lead Justice

chief justice

job of executive branch

to carry out and enforce laws

job of supreme court

decide what national laws mean


to interpret the constitution

supreme court

reaches decision by majority


similar to state supreme courts


different from trail courts


decision is final

justices

no requirements


job for life

steps to become Justice

president chooses them


senate approves them

lead Justice

chief justice

difference between Supreme Court and trial court

sc= 9 justices


no jury


justices decide


trial= 1 judge and jury


jury decides

purpose of judicial branch

1. explain or interpret the constitution


2. decide about fairness of national law

federal court cases

- people from one star vs. people from another state


- state vs. state


- people or state vs. U.S. government


- us. vs another country

federal court cases

- people from one star vs. people from another state


- state vs. state


- people or state vs. U.S. government


- us. vs another country

how case gets to supreme court

first goes to district court- trial court/ only federal court with jury


then goes to court of appeals- to ask them to change decision


then Supreme Court - final decision

what happens to a case when gets to Supreme Court

-sc only accepts less than 100 cases out of thousands


-justices review cases- if 4+ want case, it gets accepted


-2 lawyers present their arguments (~30 mins)


-justices ask a lot of questions


- justices meet and discuss case

Judicial check on legislative branch

can review laws passed by the congress (if challenged in a case befor the Supreme Court)

judicial check on executive branch

-can review treaties


-can review executive orders (if challenged as unconstitutional)