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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a person, place, thing, or idea
Verb (linking, helping, action)
conveys an action or a state of being
modifies a verb; it answers how, when, or why?
shows the relationship between two things in space or time. Most (blank) fit into this sentence: The cat ran _________ the house (under, over, behind, across, from, etc).
words that connect words or phrases or whole sentences. You can remember them by FANBOYS - for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
modifies a noun; it answers "what kind?", "how many?", or "which one?"
an exclamation (Rats! Oh!) (Son Of a Nutcracker!)
it replaces a noun or noun phrase (she, he, it, them, etc)
What the sentence is about
The part of the sentence that contains the main verb and states something about the subject
Subject Complement
is the predicate that follows a linking verb and (blank) or completes, the subject by describing it or renaming it. (For instance, The sky is blue. The (blank) is blue.)
Direct object
The (blank) is the noun that receives the action of verb. For example, in the sentence—The cat sold the dog—"dog" is the (blank)
Indirect object
The (blank) is to whom or what the action of the verb is performed. For example—The cat sold me the dog— "me" is the (blank).
Dependent clause
A clause has a both a subject and a verb. A (blank) cannot stand by itself as a sentence; it also needs an independent clause. "Because I read the book" is an example of a (blank).
Independent clause
a (blank) clause has both a subject and verb and can stand by itself as a sentence.
Adjective clause
An (blank) clause has a subject and a verb, begins with a relative pronoun or adverb (who, whom, whose, that, which, when, where, or why) and it will answer what kind, how many, or which one.
Adverb clause
an (blank) clause contains a subject and a verb, starts with a subordinate conjunction (until, once, because, etc) and will answer how, when, or why.
Prepositional phrase
a phrase (two or more words that do not contain the subject-verb necessary to form a clause) that begins with a (blank); "Under the stairs" is an example of a (blank) phrase.
Participial phrase
a phrase (two or more words that do not contain the subject-verb necessary to form a clause) that beings with a past or present (blank) (usually an -ing or an -ed word). The following sentences both have (blanks): "Walking down the street, Lars fell off the curb" and "Stuffed from eating a dozen cookies, Lars couldn't eat dinner.
Appositive phrase
A noun or a noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it. For example, "The insect, an ugly cockroach, crawled across the floor."
A (blank) is an incomplete sentence; it may need a subject or a predicate, or it may be a dependent clause.
A (blank) sentence is two or more independent clauses that are "run" together. The sentence needs to be broken into multiple sentences or properly punctuated.
Active voice
When a sentence is written in (blank)voice, the subject of the sentence is doing the action.
Passive voice
When the sentence is in (blank) voice, the subject of the sentence is receiving he action.
Parallel structure
means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. For instance, Mary likes hiking, swimming, and biking.
Misplaced modifier
a phrase that causes ambiguity or misunderstanding because of its awkward placement in a sentence.