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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Who sailed into Edo (Tokyo) Bay with his naval warships belching black smoke and terrifying the Japanese in 1853?
American Naval Commodore Matthew C. Perry.
Not related to the actor with the same name.
Why did the U.S. want Japan to open its doors to trade?
The US needed a place to refuel ships after crossing the Pacific. It wanted Japan to stop executing shipwrecked sailors. It wanted a sphere of influence similar to Britain's in China.
What was the name of the U.S. attempts to have equal trade opportunities and force Japan to open to trade?
The Open Door Policy.
More like Forced-Open!
In 1867, what happened that demonstrated that the Japanese were willing to change?
The last shogun was forced to abdicate and accept blame for being unable to protect Japan from the power of the West.
Kicked out the old system.
Who was restored to more power than he had had in centuries?
The Emperor - Emperor MEIJI (real name: Mutsuhito)took the throne in 1868.
The name he took meant "Enlightened Rule" and showed the direction Japan wanted to go toward.
What political changes were made in Japan during the Meiji Restoration period?
(1) a Constitution was created in 1889 as a gift to the Japanese people by the Emperor; (2) a Western style Diet (legislature) was created but had very limited powers (much weaker than Congress in the US or Parliament in Britain).
They also modernized the civil service and departments of government to be more western style.
What military changes occurred during the Meiji Restoration (Modernization)?
(1) It's army was based on Prussia's army; (2) It's navy was based on the British navy; (3) the military leaders only had to report to the Emperor.
This modernization also allowed the military to begin their aggressive expansion into Asia later on.
What economic changes occurred in Meiji Japan?
(1) Industrial revolution and industrialization throughout Japan; (2) postal system and banks modernized; (2) Zaibatsu (powerful corporation families) grew.
Foreign trade rose from almost nothing to $200 million annually by 1900.
Where did samurai and other Japanese advisors go to study modern techniques?
They studied modern industry, military and financial institutions in American and Europe.
The West. Again, Japan showed its ability to borrow from the best and adapt to its needs.
What are the Zaibatsu corporations of Japan?
They are powerful family-controlled commercial corporations of Japan.
Hint: Toyoda, Kawasaki, Mitsubishi are three.
Why do we call Japan's economy a mixed one if it borrows so much capitalism from the West?
The Japanese government strongly supported and helped Japanese businesses get the raw materials and markets they needed.
Today, the government agency that does this is called M.I.T.I. (the Ministry for International Trade and Industry)
What geographic challenge was a problem as Japan modernized and industrialized?
Japan's lack of natural resources, arable and energy would lead toward aggressive miltarism.
think scarcity
What were two early conflicts that showed Japan's military were going to be used to expand to grab resources and land in 1894-95 and 1904-05?
(1) 1894-1895 was the Sino (Chinese)-Japanese War, which gave Japan ports and control in Manchuria; (2) the Russo-Japanese War, which was the first time an Asian nation defeated a European one (Russia).
EARLY SIGNS OF MILITARISM AND EXPANSIONISM - the Japanese felt they were only imitating what Western powers had done.
What U.S. President negotiated Peace treaties between Japan and China/Russia?
Teddy Roosevelt.
mr. rough rider himself.
How did Japan's remarkable modernization happen?
(1) Government incentives for businesses to use western technology; (2) Japan's homogeneous culture (common culture, language, hard-work ethic, etc.); (3) Japan's tradition of borrowing and adapting from other nations.