• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Changes in composition

Turn of the 1900's, Romantic styles had reached highest point of their development, many composers reacted against subjectivity and sentimental expressiveness and sought new means of expression

Motu proprio

Pope Pius X issued a document in 1903 that sought to establish principles governing music composition suitable for Roman Catholic church: Latin, classic polyphony, no instruments, short masses

Ralph Vaughan Williams

(1872-1958) English composer, Mass in G minor following Motu proprio, Festival Te Deum for Archbishop of Canterbury - Anglican version of text

Francis Poulenc

(1899-1963) French composer, melody important, diatonic motion with passing chromaticism, Mass in G (influenced by Stravinsky, far reaching modulations), Gloria, 4 motets

Zoltán Kodály

(1882-1967) Hungarian composer, nationalistic, embodies folk idioms, Missa Brevis, richly harmonic diatonic style, Te Deum strong sensitivity to textual meaning

Igor Stravinsky

(1882-1971) Mass with strange voicing children and women, 5 woodwind, 5 brass, unmetrical rhythms, objectify musical expression and remove all traces of sentimentality and Romantic notions, Symphony of Psalms

Randall Thompson

(1899-1984) English composer, St Luke Passion, Frostiana, Americana

Benjamin Britten

(1913-1976) English composer, Neo-Classical, did not adopt serialism,

St. Nicholas (cantata)

Ceremony of Carols

War Requiem anti war poems by Wildred Owen, F, C#

Rejoice in the Lamb

Hymn to the Virgin

Vincent Perischetti

(1915-1987) American composer, Head of Composition at Juliard, Te Deum in English

Gustav Holst

(1874-1934) English composer, mysticism and Eastern philosophies, Hymns from the Rig Veda

Daniel Pinkham

(1923-2006) American composer, neo Classical, expressive dissonance, Lamentions of Job, frequent meter changes

Arnold Schoenberg

(1874-1951) Austrian composer, Gurrelieder, rivals huge orchestra of Mahler, 12-tone inventor (serialism), Pierrot Lunaire (sprechtimme)

Arthur Honneggar

(1892-1955) French by birth, Swiss by background, Le Roi David (stage oratorio), King David, dramatic story unfolds in a series of orchestral, vocal, choral numbers of great pictorial effectiveness, dissonant, sometimes polytonal expressiveness, and lyric beauty

William Walton

(1902-1983) English composer, Belshazzar's Feast, oratorio, dramatic force and excitement, expanded percussion section, 35 mins

Krzysztof Penderecki

(b.1933) Polish composer, highly original, St. Luke Passion, exotic percussion, huge orchestra, extra notation symbols, quarter tones, special effects, glissandi, lowest/highest note on instrument

Carl Orff

(1895-1982) German composer and educator, Carmina Burana (scenic cantata), 25 poems, Medieval German dialect, emphasis on rhythm, harmonic simplicity, no counterpoint, no thematic development, choral writing is chordal, meter changes, vitality

Serge Prokofiev

(1891-1953) Russian composer, Alexander Nevsky (musical score for this motion picture, later choral work)

Leonard Bernstein

(1918-1990) American composer, Mass in English, soloists, choir, orch, rock bands, dancers, and audience

Samuel Barber

(1910-1981) American Neo-Rom composer, Sure on this Shining Night

Ernest Bloch

(1886-1956) Swiss American composer, Sacred Service

Aaron Copeland

(1900-1990) American Neo-Rom composer, later serial, early American songs, 4 motets

John Corigliano

(b.1938) American composer, Fern Hill

Hugo Distler

(1908-1942) German neo-baroque composer, most important secular acappella collection of 20th Century, 52 motets, Sing dem herrn

Maurice Durufle

(1902-1986) French Neo-Romantic composer, chant based, Requiem, Ubi Caritas

Gerald Finzi

(1902-1956) English Neo-Romantic composer, In Terra Pax

Paul Hindemith

(1895-1963) German/American Neo-Classical composer, 6 chanson

Herbert Howells

(1892-1982) English composer, 15 anthems and motets, magnificats and nuncs

Charles Ives

(1874-1954) American composer, Psalm 90, Circus Band, polytonal

Gian Carlo Menotti

(1911-2007) Italian/American composer, The Unicorn, the Gordon, and the Manicore

Oliver Messiaen

(1908-1992) French composer, modes of limited transposition, relationship of time and music, birdsong, O Sacrum Convivium

Avro Pärt

(b.1935) Estonian composer, minimalist, St. John passion

Daniel Pinkham

(1923-2006) American composer, electronic and chorus, much of his choral music is attractive and accessible, Wedding Cantata, many Psalms, motets

Sergei Rachmaninoff

(1873-1943) Russian, Neo-Romantic, All Night Vigil 1915

Maurice Ravel

(1875-1937) French Impressionist, Trois Chansons


Large form: Orff Carmina Burana, Tippett A Child of Our Time, Britten War Requiem, Menotti The Unicorn, the Gorgon, and the Manticore

Mid-major: Poulenc Gloria, Durufle Requiem, Bernstein Chichester Psalms, Rutter Gloria

Small form: Hindemith Six Chanson, Beibl Ave Maria, Howells A Spotless Rose, Britten A Hymn to the Virgin