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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Quality of good law

Easy to understand and follow

Case law

Decisions of the appeals court

Precedents

An earlier action that sets new rules

Administrative law

Refers to the rules and regulations that the executive branch makes to keep order

Constitutional law

Deals with the structure and meaning of constitutions

Statutes

A law written by a legislative branch of government

Common law

A system of law based on precedent and customs

Common law

A system of law based on precedent and customs

Justinian code

Roman code that is the basis for many laws today

Common law

A system of law based on precedent and customs

Justinian code

Roman code that is the basis for many laws today

Torts

A wrongful act or infringement of a right leading to civil legal liability

negligence

Not caring about consequences for something you do wrong

negligence

Not caring about consequences for something you do wrong

Plaintiff

The person who brings the lawsuit

negligence

Not caring about consequences for something you do wrong

Plaintiff

The person who brings the lawsuit

Defendant

The accused

negligence

Not caring about consequences for something you do wrong

Plaintiff

The person who brings the lawsuit

Defendant

The accused

Judges role versus jury's role

Judge makes the final ruling and the jury decides the punishment

negligence

Not caring about consequences for something you do wrong

Plaintiff

The person who brings the lawsuit

Defendant

The accused

Judges role versus jury's role

Judge makes the final ruling and the jury decides the punishment

The steps in a criminal procedure

1)arrest


2)booking


3) first appearance before Judge


4)hearing


5)indict


6) arraignment


7)verdict


8)trial

negligence

Not caring about consequences for something you do wrong

Plaintiff

The person who brings the lawsuit

Defendant

The accused

Judges role versus jury's role

Judge makes the final ruling and the jury decides the punishment

The steps in a criminal procedure

1)arrest


2)booking


3) first appearance before Judge


4)hearing


5)indict


6) arraignment


7)verdict


8)trial

Juvenile case procedure

1)custody


2) intake


3) detention hearing


4) adjudication hearing


5) disposition hearing

negligence

Not caring about consequences for something you do wrong

Plaintiff

The person who brings the lawsuit

Defendant

The accused

Judges role versus jury's role

Judge makes the final ruling and the jury decides the punishment

The steps in a criminal procedure

1)arrest


2)booking


3) first appearance before Judge


4)hearing


5)indict


6) arraignment


7)verdict


8)trial

Juvenile case procedure

1)custody


2) intake


3) detention hearing


4) adjudication hearing


5) disposition hearing

Intake process

If the offense is serious or the youth has prior or past record the police may turn him or her over to the juvenile court the social worker reviews the case and decides how it should be handled

negligence

Not caring about consequences for something you do wrong

Plaintiff

The person who brings the lawsuit

Defendant

The accused

Judges role versus jury's role

Judge makes the final ruling and the jury decides the punishment

The steps in a criminal procedure

1)arrest


2)booking


3) first appearance before Judge


4)hearing


5)indict


6) arraignment


7)verdict


8)trial

Juvenile case procedure

1)custody


2) intake


3) detention hearing


4) adjudication hearing


5) disposition hearing

Intake process

If the offense is serious or the youth has prior or past record the police may turn him or her over to the juvenile court the social worker reviews the case and decides how it should be handled

Diversion

Something that diverts someone's attention to something else commonly used by lawyers

Parole

Something you get if you show signs of change that lets you be on house arrest with somebody following you

Gideon vs wainwright

Could not afford a lawyer so he asked for one to be given to him and they denied him it

Miranda vs Arizona

He pleaded guilty without knowing his rights

Miranda vs Arizona

He pleaded guilty without knowing his rights

Bill of attainder

A law that punishes a person without a trial

Miranda vs Arizona

He pleaded guilty without knowing his rights

Bill of attainder

A law that punishes a person without a trial

Ex post facto law

A law that punishes a person for an action that was not illegal when it was done

Writ of Habeas Corpus

Court order that says officials cannot put a person in prison without explaining why he or she is being held

Writ of Habeas Corpus

Court order that says officials cannot put a person in prison without explaining why he or she is being held

Civil lawsuits

Disputes between people

Writ of Habeas Corpus

Court order that says officials cannot put a person in prison without explaining why he or she is being held

Civil lawsuits

Disputes between people

Misdemeanors vs felonies

Misdemeanors are not that serious crimes and felonies are very serious crimes

Due process clause

Clause that says the government must act fairly odd follow the law