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14 Cards in this Set

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Common Law Felonies

The nine common-law felonies were: murder, robbery, manslaughter, rape, sodomy, larceny, arson, mayhem and burglary.

Dark Figure of Crime

Crimes unknown to police and not included in the official crime statistics.

Felon

A person who has been found guilty of committing a felony crime.

Mala In Se

A Latin legal phrase referring to crimes that are "wrongs in themselves."

Mala Prohibita

Acts that are criminal merely because they are prohibited by the government.

Misdemeanant

A person who has been found guilty of committing a misdemeanor crime.

National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)

A major national survey designed to measure the dark figure of crime.

National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
An incident-based reporting system used by law enforcement agencies in the United States for collecting and reporting data on crimes.
Omission

A failure to do something that is legally required.

Rate (Crime)

The number of times a crime occurs per 100,000 residents.

U.S. Census Bureau

A government agency partly responsible for conducting the NCVS.

Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)

Official crime statistics for the United States that are collected and compiled by the FBI.

Victimless Crime

A term used to refer to crimes that do no direct harm to a particular victim, such as prostitution and gambling.

Violation

A category of acts that are contrary to law, but do not reach the level of a misdemeanor, such as traffic offenses.