World War II Essay

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World War II brought peace and economic prosperity to the Allied nations, which allowed for the fertility rate in North America to increase. This caused an explosion in the population of the U.S. especially, with around 78 million babies born by the end of the 1940s-1960s, according to Colombia Dictionary. Similarly, Canada experienced a surge of 479,000 babies following the 1950s (Henripin, Krotki 1). A large population amounts to a shift in demographics, and subsequently the social system of North America started to change gradually in order to adapt to the new baby boom generation. As a result of a new economic affluence in the continent, North American society became materialistic and consumerism seized a big part of the economy …show more content…
Board of Education in 1954 (Smead chapter 2) and the Montgomery Bus Boycott played a huge role in the desegregation of public areas in the U.S. Because of this, the social fabric of North America changed drastically, examples being compulsory education for all children, age limits, mental health philosophy, child care, and activism. States in the U.S. passed mandatory school attendance laws in the post-war period and the amount of children attending school went up by 73% in 1954 alone. Over 60,000 new classrooms were built in the country (Gillion 6). The rest of North America and the world produced the same outcome, an indication of the educational reform of the baby boom. The latter years of the generation were quite formidable, heralding a social movement more laudable than those of the the first two decades: in 1960s Canada, Trudeau's government achieved a more 'just' society where multiculturalism was encouraged, along with the institution of bilingualism and the decriminalization of homosexuality (Bibby 6-7). This marked a turning point in the nation's history, as Canada was beginning to move forward with ethical and non-discriminatory policies. Regarding politics, the experiences of WWII made the baby boom generation skeptical about the government—quickly, they became educated enough to question political leaders and their promises (Bonz 2-3). This ties in with the social activism

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