In this essay, I will assess the claim that traditions are parallel in regards to woman by comparing the common beliefs and practices in Hinduism, Confucianism and Islam. I will be concentrating on the commonality of traditional religious practice that is exceedingly male dominated. As Young states, “The tendency toward male domination in the world’s religions (called patriarchy) has inspired movements that have touched virtually all religions in an effort to liberate women from what are considered oppressive religious structures.” He goes on to say, “These campaigns have also sparked resistance among traditionalists, who view attempts to elevate the status of women as an assault on an ordering of life and gender relations that has sacred
…show more content…
Masumura (1979) reported that wife abuse was positively correlated with the prevalence of societal violence. Even though the orthodox Chinese culture in known for its emphasis on harmony and nonviolence, using force against women in the family can be historically rooted in the culture of Confucianism. Likewise, in contemporary China the continuing practice of wife abuse can be attributed to a social approval of using violence for the purpose of an ideological hegemony and social control under the socialist system”(Xu, 1997).
In Islam and Hinduism in traditional beliefs women are also positioned inferior to men. Like Confucianism, Hindu women are to be subordinate to her father, husband, and son. In Hindu teaching, to give birth to sons is the principal dharma of a woman. In scared text, Code of Manu emphasis the importance of male off-springs because it is believed that sons can rescue the souls of the ancestors from hell. If they are not saved they are unable to continue their spiritual path to liberation. The Code of Manu states even if a husband abuses, deforms or is unfaithful to his wife she is expected to remain loyal and faithful (Young, n.d.).
Two other traditions that demonstrates domination over women in Hindu and Confucianism societies is the practice of female infanticide and arrange engagements for young girls before puberty. Because fathers have to supply a dowries for their daughters to be married the couple may decide to have gender