With reference to two volcanic events that you have studied from contrasting areas of the world, compare the nature of the volcanic hazard and its impact.

987 Words Oct 6th, 2013 4 Pages
With reference to two volcanic events that you have studied from contrasting areas of the world, compare the nature of the volcanic hazard and its impact.
Mount St Helens erupted on the 18th May 1980 at 9am and is an active strata volcano Washington State USA, a MEDC. Where as on 18th July 1995, during the daytime, Montserrat, a LEDC during the day, Montserrat's Soufrière Hills composite volcano of a height 1050m, meaning sulphur hills, dormant for centuries, erupted and produced a phreatic eruption. The volcano is a strata volcano also. Mount St. Helens is a composite volcano which lies near to a destructive plate boundary where the small Juan de Fuca Plate is being subducted underneath the North American Plate where as the eruption
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Montserrat’s population have had their lives completely changed. Their economic, administrative and cultural capital lies in ruins like a modern Pompeii. Jobs, schools and community activities have been disrupted. At one point 5,000 people were living in temporary shelters in the north, in some cases for over two years. The north of the island had few settlements of any size and found it difficult to cope with the influx from the south. Salem is now being repopulated and is being developed together with St John’s as new population centres. The following are some of the problems -Plymouth contained all the main services – hospitals, banks, schools, government and many private businesses. Collapse of the tourist and rice processing industries. Unemployment has risen from 7% to 50%. Agriculture is at a standstill. Respiratory problems caused by ash. Psychological problems and discontent with relocation package. Traffic congestion. Shortage of available building land. 70% rise in rent for accommodation. Skills shortage as people left.
Compared to America, they managed to short the short term problems out very quickly and efficiently due to the fact that they have much more money compared to Montserrat. One short term effect of the Mount St. Helens eruption is that 1300 feet was blasted off the top of the mountain. This would have a great effect because that would all break up into ash and encircle

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