1. Why is culture an adaptive mechanism? Culture is considered an adaptive mechanism because it provides behavior patterns, strategies, and techniques aimed at helping people adapt in a particular environment. The goal of each living thing is survival. While plants and animals adapt to their environment genetically, for humans the most important adaptive mechanism is culture. In Madagascar, for example, trees have adjusted to the drier climate by losing extra leaves during the dry winter to limit evaporation. Humans, on the other hand, cannot adapt their bodies to very cold or very hot climates, and need cultural knowledge and technology in order to survive in the place their live. While the polar bear, in its evolutionary
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Humans, in fact, cannot survive without culture. Even if we are genetically predisposed to learn, infants are born without human knowledge, beliefs and cultural behaviors. Since culture is not genetically transmitted human beings need to teach and share their culture in order to preserve it and use it. Culture is learned because is a behavior that cannot be transmitted genetically. Animal behavior, on the other hand, is influenced by genetic mechanisms (instincts). Ants for example are born genetically programmed to do their tasks, as defenders, foragers, and workers .Their roles, which never change, assure the survival of the whole colony. Instead, human culture is not passed on genetically from parents to offspring but it is socially transmitted.
3. Why does culture have the ability to change? Culture has the ability to change because is a dynamic range of human patterns. Culture is never static. When humans patterns change culture changes with them. Inventions and technological developments, change of the environment (climate changes), the development of new ideas, and cultural diffusion (cross-cultural contacts) are also causes of cultural changes. Take as an example the