Planning in organizations and public policy is both the organizational policy of creating a working plan and maintaining it. It is also a psychological process of thinking about an activity and achieving the desired outcome. It is the forecasting of developing and creating solutions for contingencies. It involves the formal procedures used in endeavors used as such to reach set goals and objectives. Planning is the fundamental property of intelligent behavior and the future is based on the consequences of planning actions. A plan should be a realistic view of the expectations and should reflect a firm’s or state’s expected goals and objectives either in the long term or short run. It is important to plan so as to have control over the
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The lack of development in Western Australia was clearly shown by the great depression of 1930. The Town Planning and Development Act were first introduced at this stage in 1928. At this stage the rationality theory of decision making was used. This is whereby scientific and specific alternative ways are used to resolve a problem. It is the simplest form of solving problem and arriving at the desired end. To make a rational decision, one must first identify the problem, define goals and objectives, identify opportunities and weaknesses, identify available alternatives, make a choice and that is the choice to be implemented. This method of planning seemed unachievable due to its demands on resources and the lack of expertise. The steps in this method of planning were later defined in simpler terms as desire, design, deduction, decisions and deeds (Stiffel, 2000). However this theory remained for some time until the next stage of planning in Australia was reached.
The popular consensus stage followed shortly after being characterized by the rapid growth that was taking place and the developments that led to the Town planning schemes and boards and car ownership soared. Urbanization and urban decisions were made and democratic participation made it a success. The need to resolve urgent matters led to action oriented approaches to problem solving that linked individual sectors and projects. Land shortages in Western Australia reduced as a result of