What are the Challenges for Indonesia in Achieving Universal Health Coverage

1453 Words 6 Pages
CRAM Exclusive
Essay Sample
There are many reasons why countries put their effort towards universal health coverage. Universal health coverage is perceived as the assurance that all people will be able to access health services without experiencing financial difficulties (WHO, 2010). The World Health Organization (WHO) put this issue as one of the global health priorities since 2005, when a resolution on universal health coverage emerged during the 58th World Health Assembly (WHA) (World Health Assembly, 2005). Seven years

middle of document…

This paper will focus on the main challenges faced by the Government of Indonesia (GoI) in achieving universal health coverage which are lack of government capacity in managing health finance, extending health insurance coverage, and establishing good governance in the decentralization system, and discuss recommendations.



The first main challenge for the GoI is health financing management capacity. Studies conducted in developing countries in Asia showed that good financing system will ensure quality of health care (Tangcharoensathien et al, 2011; Lagomarsino et al, 2012). In the case of Indonesia, the GoI is committed to improve health system and putting considerable effort towards universal coverage. However, allocation for health sector was less than 9% of the total government budget in 2010 (Tangcharoensathien et al, 2011) which was lower than Bhutan, Thailand, and Maldives (WHO, 2011). Furthermore, although the GoI claimed that the health sector expenditure has been increased twofold since 2007, the health expenses for 2012 was only around 3% of the national expenditure (Ministry of Finance, 2013). In addition to that, the health expenditure sourced from the GoI funds was less than a half of the total health expenditure which was lower compared to the fund from government of Thailand that contributed to more than three-quarter of the total
CRAM Exclusive
Moon72430Bacon

Related Documents

  • Achieving the Right to Health with 'The Global Fund for Health'

    Introduction Global health inequalities within and between countries are still prominent although we are approaching post MDG (Millennium Development Goals) era. It can be clearly seen with the fact that 99% of all maternal deaths occur in developing countries. Not surprisingly, more than half of these deaths are from sub-Saharan Africa and one third from South Asia (WHO, 2012). In terms of HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), sub-Saharan Africa again bears

    Words: 887 - Pages: 4
  • Affordable Health Care Coverage Essay

    Health care reform was a major topic of discussion during the 2008 Democratic presidential primaries. As the race narrowed, attention focused on the plans presented by the two leading candidates, New York Senator Hillary Clinton and the eventual nominee, Illinois Senator Barack Obama. Each candidate proposed a plan to cover the approximately 45 million Americans estimated to be without health insurance at some point during each year. The difference between the plans was that Clinton's plan was to

    Words: 1315 - Pages: 6
  • Essay on Universal Health Care: ObamaCare is Not Enough

    ObamaCare is Not Enough: America Needs Universal Health Care Feverish and fatigued, Jenny was rushed to the emergency room. At the time of her admittance, doctors were unaware that Jenny contracted a bacterial infection during a recent at- home labor and delivery. Septic shock quickly consumed her body and shut down her major organs. Eventually, the doctors saved her life, but at a steep price - she lost all of her limbs. Undeniably, Jenny received topnotch treatment for her infection

    Words: 1213 - Pages: 5
  • Essay on Health Care Changes and Challenges

    Health Care Changes and Challenges Dindi White HSC490 May 18, 2015 Jennifer Johnson Health Care Changes and Challenges Some people may believe that health care is not changing. However, today's health care system is changing. Today’s advanced technology and growing population have required health care organizations to evolve. Changes in health care can present challenges, and the challenges must be addressed and dealt with accordingly. Today’s health care system is changing. In order for

    Words: 1182 - Pages: 5
  • Challenges of International Health Essay

    “Health problems, issues, and concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries, and are best addressed by cooperative actions and solutions” would best define global health. With its primary focus on low and middle-income countries, challenges of international public health continue to change and grow depending on the interest of the membership. In order to participate in cooperative actions and have successful solutions, one must understand

    Words: 1609 - Pages: 7
  • What Is Health Essay

    Hill HCM 620 Policy Making Abstract Health is said to be universally important. The word health has been defined differently by many. The first of many definition was given by WHO better known as (World Health Organization), they defined health as the “Complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WH0, 1948). There are several more, just to name a few, Bircher, 2005, said that health is “the dynamic state of well-being characterized

    Words: 1491 - Pages: 6
  • What´s Mobile Health? Essay

    mHealth which stands for Mobile Health, is a term used for practicing public health and medicine using mobile technologies. The health sector in the emerging markets faces many challenges like high disease prevalence, low number of health care workers and limited financial resources. Even though the remote areas of the emerging markets lack in modern technologies like internet the Mobile Technology has been an exception. Mobile Phones have managed to reach even the remote areas with people having

    Words: 1726 - Pages: 7
  • Essay about What Is Sociology of Health and Illness

    This brief abstract is a concept note on the subject of sociology of health and illness. It is going to give a brief sketch background of medical sociology, highlight various definitions of what is health, illness and how the production, distribution and patterns of diseases are influenced by the context in which they occur. The biomedical understanding of health and illness was entirely in the context of bacteriology and immunology dominated the subject of heath care systems for centuries. The history

    Words: 843 - Pages: 4
  • Health Insurance Essay

    Executive Summary The health care in the United States has often been credited with being some of the best money can buy, though with the caveat that it does not provide health care to all its citizens, and millions are left with woefully little or no health care coverage. However, in Canada, universal health care serves its entire population, though there is also criticism that the care it does provide lacks the quality of the most expensive health care services in the U.S. This paper will examine

    Words: 4809 - Pages: 20
  • Health care reinbursement Essay

    Health care is one of the major concerns for Americans in the contemporary world. Terrorism remained a grave issue for years after 9/11 attacks. The economic recession, however, changed the scenario as several large, medium, and small enterprises were confronting financial challenges. Some firms closed while others reduced their operations. Resultantly, rate of unemployment increased placing significant burden on the national economy. Rising costs and access to health care has become major concerns

    Words: 2838 - Pages: 12