Venus: The Second Planet from the Sun Essay

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Introduction: Venus, the second planet closest to the Sun and Earth’s closest neighbor, is known for its many wonders and harsh conditions. Venus is possibly the first planet discovered by humans and is said to have been first discovered in 17 B.C. by Babylonian astronomers. Venus is the first planet to be explored by spacecraft although many of these attempts have proven unsuccessful. Fortunately, more than twenty of the spacecraft explorations been proven successful, and through those we have gained knowledge about this wonder of the night sky.

Characteristics: Known as “Earth’s twin”, Venus is very similar to Earth in composition, size, mass, and gravity. However, their temperatures are not so similar. The average temperature on
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Web. 30 Apr. 2014) Venus has fewer impact craters than any other planet. Also unlike most planets, Venus turns clockwise on its axis, as opposed to counter-clockwise. This is called retrograde rotation. It is said that this is because of their close position to the Sun. Appearing to be a nice golden color, the pictures we see of Venus is actually showing the clouds that are filled with sulfuric acid, making its atmosphere cloudy and dense. A year on Venus last 225 Earth days and a day lasts 243 Earth days. This means that it takes longer for Venus to spin on its axis, than it does for it to orbit the Sun. Another interesting thing about Venus is that its orbit is most nearly circular than any other planet, at a speed of 108, 209, 475 kilometers. The diameter is also almost nearly circular. Scientists think that the runaway greenhouse effect that Venus is impacted by boiled away its oceans long ago, but it is still known for indications of volcanic activity, which probably stopped many years ago.

How does Venus interact with the Sun? Venus, being the second planet closest to the Sun, orbits the Sun every 225 days. Venus is approximately in the same direction as the Sun. The Sun is also the reason Venus is as extremely hot as it is. Recent studies have shown that the Sun is stripping away Venus’s atmosphere due to solar winds emitted by the Sun. Venus does not possess a magnetic field. Lack of a magnetic

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