Essay about Venezuela's Center of Gravity Analysis

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Using the PMESII framework to guide analysis, Venezuela was generally examined as a system of systems to identify nodes, linkages, and Centers of Gravity (COGs) and determine the relationships between them. Once the COGs of each system were identified, the critical capabilities (CCs) of those COGs were analyzed to determine which is the most consequential to achieving U.S. strategic objectives within Venezuela. This paper argues the significance of Venezuela’s Executive Office and the importance of the oil industry as critical COGs within its Political and Economic systems. The paper focuses on these two systems because of their importance and because they are so closely interwoven. As described in Joint Doctrine, the COGs explored …show more content…
These are all COG critical capabilities (CCs) of President Maduro, and are therefore his absolutely essential functions as the Venezuelan president.
The United States cannot ignore the power and influence of the Venezuelan Executive Office within its political system. The political structure and associations established by President Chávez and continued under Maduro carry substantive linkages to the dominant political parties (nodes) of Venezuela (add info and use high source). To win the presidential election in 1998, Chávez, aligned his own Fifth Republic Movement (MVR) party, the Homeland For All (PPT) party and Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) party into the combined Patriotic Pole (PP) party. With Maduro now firmly in control of these organizations, he wields tremendous authority within Venezuela’s most powerful and influential political parties, which allows for substantial control of the legislative branch as well.
To further entrench the seat of absolute authority within the Executive Office, Chávez set up a constitutional assembly (Asamblea Nacional, AN) by way of a public referendum in 1999. After the ratification, Chávez called for an election to vote the constitutional assembly members (his supporters) into positions of power throughout the government. These political alterations established significant linkages between all branches (systems/nodes) of the government, the unicameral AN, the Supreme Tribunal of Justice, and

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