Understanding the Importance of Immunisation Essay

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Understanding the Importance of Immunisation According to http://www.amfar.org/cgi-bin/iowa/bridge.html, immunisation is the administration of antigenic components of an infectious agent to stimulate a protective immune response. Immunisation is a technique that is used to increase immunity to specific diseases in humans by exposing the individual to an anti-gen in order to raise ant-bodies to that anti-gen. Immunisation is a way of protecting against serious diseases such as tuberculosis and polio. According to the World Health Organisation diseases such as pandemic flu can come back easily. Once someone's immunised their bodies will be able to fight those diseases when they're exposed to them. Also …show more content…
According to http://www.immunisation.nhs.uk/ this is when, how and against what diseases people should be vaccinated for.

WHEN TO IMMUNISE

WHAT IS GIVEN

HOW IT IS GIVEN

2, 3 and 4 months old

Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and Hib (DTaP/IPV/Hib)

One injection

MenC

One injection

Around 13 months old

Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)

One injection

3 years and 4 months to 5 years old

Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and polio (dTaP/IPV or DTaP/IPV)

One injection

Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)

One injection

13 to 18 years old

Diphtheria, tetanus, polio (Td/IPV)

One injection

According to http://www.cdc.gov/travel/vaccinat.htm when travelling to other countries, immunisation is in some cases a necessity. The foreign countries that someone might be visiting can have diseases. Having vaccinations will prevent you from contracting such diseases and will also prevent you from bringing diseases back with you and spreading it around. The kinds of diseases that a traveller should be vaccinated against are:

* Tuberculosis

* Polio

* Hepatitis A

* Typhoid

A traveller doesn't necessarily have to be vaccinated against all these diseases. They just need to be vaccinated against

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