Type 2 Diabetes Essay

1662 Words 7 Pages
Obesity is rapidly increasing in the United States. According to the National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM), obesity is the fasted growing health problem in America1. When looking at the trends in the United States, it is estimated that approximately 33% of the adult population is obese and 15% of children, ages 6 and older, are obese1. Although not falling into the obesity population yet, two-thirds of the adult population may be considered overweight, and making their way into the obesity category soon1. It may be startling to most that current evidence suggests that by the year 2030, approximately 90% of all American adults would have become overweight or obese, and 51.1% of them would be obese1. A disease highly correlated …show more content…
Research is lacking on the effects of resistance training on improving metabolic health. Honkola, Forsen, and Eriksson’s study evaluated the effect of circuit-type resistance training on blood pressure, lipids and long-term glycemic control on individuals with type 2 diabetes3. The subjects included thirty-eight, untrained, type 2 diabetic outpatients, all over the age of 60, both male and female3. Eighteen of the subjects participated in a 5-month individualized progressive circuit-type resistance program twice a week, with medical supervision3. The remaining participants served as a control group and did not engage in resistance training3. Within the program, the participants performed 8-10 different movements per circuit; completing two sets of 12-15 repetitions per station, in a continuous fashion3. The participants were allowed a short rest between stations, lasting less than 60 seconds3. Each station was designated for a specific large muscle group where the participants started at a modest intensity based off of their one repetition maximum, and progressed throughout the program3. After the completion of the 5-month training period, there was a non-significant decrease in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the exercise group3. The lipids were greatly affected by resistance training showing a statistical decrease in total cholesterol concentration by 12%, LDL-cholesterol by 14%

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