Essay on Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy's Varying Cold War Policies

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Influenced by the fear of communism by American society and containment beliefs of people like George Kennan, who advocated that the US should use diplomatic, economic, and military action to contain communism, Truman established the Truman Doctrine, which stated that the US would protect democracies throughout the world, pledging the US would fight it around the world. This doctrine was an extension to both the Monroe Doctrine and the Roosevelt Corollary. In dealing with foreign policy, Truman did everything to protect nations of being consumed by communism, such as the Berlin Airlift, in which Truman decided to avoid the Soviet blockade of West Berlin and flew supplies directly over to the people in need. In Asia, Truman decided to use …show more content…
Cold War Crises began to spring up in Europe, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East. In Europe, the Hungarian revolt began when the Soviets harshly repressed the Hungarian Revolution, but the US refused to aid the Hungarians. In Asia, the Vietnam War began when the US decided to aid the French in Indochina against the communist leader Ho Chi Minh. In the Middle East, Eisenhower established the Eisenhower Doctrine, pledging US military and economic aid to any Middle Eastern nation threatened by communist aggression. This occurred after the Suez Crisis, in which Arab nationalist President Nasser of Egypt took control of the Suez Canal, and Israel, France and Britain launched an attack on Egypt without US consent. The OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) was established because it was beneficial to US interest in oil. Contrary to the massive retaliation of Eisenhower, Kennedy’s approach to the Cold War was a “flexible response,” where the US can intervene when, where, and however we wanted. To defend the US, JFK tripled the US’s nuclear capability, increased the number of troops, ships, and artillery, and established the Green Berets, a special force squad. JFK also turned toward aiding third world countries where communism would be fought in

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