Trauma is an incident that leads to a great suffering of body or mind. It is a severe torture to the body and breaks the body’s natural equilibrium. It is defined as an emotional wound causing a psychological injury. American Psychological Association, defined trauma as an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape or natural disaster. Immediately after the event, shock and denial are typical. Longer term reactions include unpredictable emotions, flashbacks and strained relationships. J. Laplanche and J. B. Pontalis assert, “Trauma is an event in the subject life defined by its intensity by the subject’s incapacity to respond adequately to it, and by the upheaval and long lasting effects that it brings about in the
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I am discussing the issue of trauma of Afro-Americans in this research paper from psychological point of view. The present research paper will emphasize on the effects of issues, such as, social oppression, disempowerment, disenfranchisement, racism, sexism, classicism, and slavery in Afro- American race that leads to mental disorders and ultimately trauma.
Broadly, psychologists have distinguished trauma into two types: emotional and psychological. Both are the outcome of incredible events that bring anxiety and worry. These events destroy one’s safety and security, one feels helpless and vulnerable in a terrible world. Mostly people are traumatized by stressful experiences. These people in their early part of life had been subjected to heavy losses. The earlier childhood experiences of life put an influence on the latter part of life. So, once a child is traumatized in childhood, he would have long repercussions in the coming part of his life. According to latest research, childhood trauma promotes the risk of future trauma (CCTS African-American Who Suffer with Trauma). Traumatized children look at the world as fearful and threatening place. The feeling of danger and helplessness moves over to adulthood. In this way, it creates a new stage for future trauma. The following are the factors which are responsible for childhood trauma: An unstable or unsafe environment,