To What Extent Did Film Propaganda during the Second Red Scare Influence Anti-Communist Hysteria?

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Section A: Plan of Investigation The focus of this investigation is the ability of leaders to appeal to human emotion through propaganda. Propaganda became especially prevalent in the United States of America during the Second Red Scare between 1947 and 1954. Propaganda assisted in the infiltration of anti-communist ideals. This examination specifically focuses on the extent to which film propaganda during this time period influenced anti-communist hysteria. The movies produced during the Cold War glorified American democracy and an evaluation is completed discussing the impact of this glorification on society. The analysis emphasizes how these beliefs infiltrated all genres of moviemaking, according to researchers of film propaganda and …show more content…
“Naming names” became common in the cinema scene. The fear of films being corrupted by Reds led accusers to find communist infiltration in unlikely places, such as “a suspicious number of happy Soviet children” in the film Song of Russia (Hoberman 84). This onset of Red hysteria presented the movie industry with an opportunity to counter accusations with anti-communist propaganda. The ability for information to spread quickly across the nation became possible with the introduction of the cinema. James and Sara Combs argue that the increase in both technology and the influence of mass communication was the most significant process of the 1900s because the population could see information beyond their immediate surroundings (3). With this development, influencing a country with certain ideas became simpler through film propaganda. This term stems from the Latin propagare and marks the potential to produce and communicate visionary messages throughout human cultures (Combs 6). Throughout history, it has been applied to commercial, political and religious groups to force messages on large populations. Combs emphasizes that all movies have propaganda value (7) and this idea became clear with the ease of communication in the twentieth century. With anxiety about Reds in Hollywood, moviemakers started to emphasize their anti-communist values. The motion-picture industry became a target for

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