Three Types of Phobias Essay
The term phobia is often related to “ When you genuinely fear something for no rational reason”  There are three types of phobias; specific, social and agoraphobia. To develop a fear which is irrational allows room to explain reasons to develop a phobia. Classical conditioning and observation are two methods of developing phobias.
Instructional fear acquisition allows us to work out if things are scary; as humans we may even evolve to fear certain things after some time. The brain regions involved are the insular cortex and the amygdala.  The numerous methods in treating phobias could be systematic desensitisation, cognitive behavioural therapy and a last resort being antidepressants. From the article there is still very …show more content…
The amygdala is an almond-shaped structure that is a communication hub between the incoming sensory signals and the parts of the brain that interpret these signals. This part of the brain alerts the body that there is a threat present and triggers a fear of anxiety response, however the hippocampus encodes threatening events in a persons life into memories. The hippocampus converts threatening events into memories; by learning about how the brain creates more treatments for fear and anxiety to become available and thus enhance less anxiety in individuals.  
When an individual is anxious this is triggered by senses in the thalamus and sent to the amygdala or cortex. Incoming senses associated with fear in the amygdala whether a threat, real or not are processed to trigger a fear response known as the expressway; this