Three Theories of Learning and Development and Their Application to Teaching Infants or Toddlers in Aotearoa

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In the following essay I will analyse and critique three theories of learning and development and their application to teaching infants or toddlers in Aotearoa. The three theories that I have chosen are the Social Cultural theory by Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky, the Cognitive development theory by Swish developmental psychologist Jean Piaget and lastly the attachment theory by American developmental psychologist Mary Ainsworth. These three theories are important on helping to understand how children learn and develop in Early Childhood Education as well as in family and homes.
Missing not done In Vygotsky’s theory of socio cultural, he highlights the importance of a child’s exposure to specific social interaction with their peers
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Te Whariki supports positive social interaction in centres between children themselves as well as the staff. Tikanga and Whanau are two very important things in Maori culture with raising a child. This view is supported strongly by Vygotsky’s theory as Vygotsky acknowledged the importance of children’s peers(whanau) as well as their culture(tikanga) for their development.
Socio Culture theory emphasizes the importance of social interaction for the child’s development. Children’s learning and development vary between each child. Vygotsky’s theory is very useful for explaining the differences in children’s development. All children’s learning and development are influenced by their society and culture. Children as individuals have a relationship with their cultural communities for example; a toddler that grows up in a English speaking community will have a high chance of speaking English while a toddler growing up in a Chinese community will have a high chance of speaking mandarin. “Vygotsky’s theory helped connect individuals thinking with cultural traditions such as schooling and literacy” pg121. Most researchers in the area of human development find the socio culture theory to be useful with their research, “ in recent decades many scholars have built on this theory”pg161
Vygotsky viewed that interaction with children’s peer or the more knowledgeable other (mko) is important for the child’s learning and

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