Threats to Indian Democracy Essays

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I. Introduction

This paper examines the extent to which the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in collusion with Sangh Parivar constituents Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and Vishwa Hindu Parishwas (VHP) have sought to undermine secular India through subversive measures in implementing Hindu nationalistic programs to secure political power. The BJP remains the sole political party out of these named factions, yet through the historical and cultural power of the RSS and widespread religious influence of the VHP, the entire movement of the Sangh Parivar has been able to garner a stronghold in the country's political arena through corrupt anti-Muslim rhetoric and discursive measures to initiate Hindu communalism. This aim at communalism
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India's Muslim minority has been perpetually marginalized at the expense of the BJP's methods of obtaining political power. I will delve further into this point in discussing the Ram Shila pujan and how this event strengthened BJP status while simultaneously engendering heightened Hindutva sentiment.

Essentially, Hinduism and Hindu rhetoric, as seen by Sangh Parivar, has nothing to do with religion and everything to do with consolidating India's populous into units of power in accordance with their univocal framework. VD Sarvarkar himself wrote in his book Hindutva that `Hindutva is not identical with what is vaguely indicated by the term Hinduism (Noorani 8). Hindutva derives much of its rhetoric from demonizing the Muslim "other" as the violent, lustful, rage prone aggressor and juxtaposes this myth with euphemistic Hindu femininity, while also supposing that Hinduism, at its core, is inclusive and egalitarian because it hasn't been indoctrinated like western monotheistic religions. This rhetoric serves to foster a fear of the "other" as well as calling for a preservation of one's Hinduness, which has concertedly been made synonymous with national identity, and thus individuality.

Since the inception of the BJP their positioning in the Indian political sphere has been constantly defined through the extent of which their association with the RSS has facilitated

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