The War in Vietnam Essay

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The War in Vietnam

Despite the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the North of Vietnam the French forced the communists out of the south of Vietnam and took over the northern city of Haiphong. This led to the Indochinese War, from 1946-1954. During this war, the French controlled the major cities and the Vietminh controlled the countryside. The French needed some new tactics, and their new military leader, General Navarre was the man for with the ideas.

General Navarre tried to coax the Vietminh and their General out of their covered positions in order to crush them with the superior firepower. In late 1953 French paratroopers took control of Dien Bien Phu and built a
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At the Geneva Conference Vietnam was divided into two countries-North Vietnam and South Vietnam. Cambodia and Laos became independent states. A cease-fire was also declared and the French troops were withdrawn. During the conference, the Americans were very unhappy with the willingness of the French to accept 'Peace at any price'. The agreement left North Vietnam in the hands of Ho Chi Minh, and the Predominantly Buddhist South under control of the Emperor Bao Dai, who was associated with the French.

The USA and the Saigon government did not agree with the Geneva consent. As soon as the French left Vietnam, the USA began supporting the South Vietnamese government with economic aid and military advisers. Uncertain that fair elections could take place in the Communist North, the South Vietnamese government refused to hold national elections. Ngo Dinh Diem, the new president of the South was anti-communist. He wrongly assumed that all members of the Vietminh were Communists. Many were, but others simply wanted an end to the French rule. Many people disagreed with the Diem government as the were anti-communist and kept the support of the USA.

Because the USA supported the French colonial rule over Vietnam, they had to increase its financial support which it gave to the regime in the South under the president Ngo Dinh Diem. US economic and

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