The realist school of thought stands for anarchy and fighting for its own selfish reasons to preserve the nation's interest. Back in December 7th, 1941 after the Japanese air force attack to Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, America’s military was caught by surprise bringing out the attention of the whole nation against Japan. President Harry S. Truman, made the decision in 1945 to attack Japan with nuclear bombs in August 6 first to Hiroshima and then three day on August 9 to Nagasaki. Days later, Japan surrender, and World War II was drawn into a close. Realist scholars say that the decision made to use the bombs was unnecessary. The death among the two cities were around 200,000, in Hiroshima there were 90,000 deaths, and Nagasaki had 37,000
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Why would a General risk his position if he did not thought it was truly necessary? He believed Japan was trying to surrender but did not know how to do so and maintain its face, expressing his depression for the shock that would be given to the world. Generals of War at that time were classical realism oriented, which stands for the principle of national interest and main role is to achieve and preserve power. General Dwight Eisenhower, that later became the thirty-fourth president of the United States knew and understood the awful things the U.S should declare itself guilt of. Prisoners of war from Japan that were in different courts around the world, many, were discharged of them, nothing was comparable to the mass murder of children, women, and families the barbarous genocide war crime the U.S. should be blame for. A similar opinion was held by Truman’s chief of staff, Admiral William Leahy, who wrote on his autobiography that the weapons used at Hiroshima and Nagasaki did not assist us on the war in any way, the Japanese were ready to throw the towel (Mullins, 1998).
World War II end it, while the Cold War just started. As an old realist like Niccolò Machiavelli would say “the end justifies the means.” The thinker would had agree with President’s Truman decision if only Japan would had been stronger and ready to keep on fighting (The Prince, Machiavelli). The