The UK Government’s Principal Counter-Terrorism Strategy Essay examples

3162 Words 13 Pages
1.1 Introduction
CONTEST is the UK government’s principal counter-terrorism strategy whose purpose is to reduce ‘the risks to the United Kingdom ... from terrorism, so that people can go about their lives freely and with confidence (Contest, 2011, Heath‐Kelly, 2012). This strategy has four principal workstreams. Pursue (Contest, 2011, 44p), Prevent (Contest, 2011, 58), Protect (Contest, 2011, 78p) and Prepare, 2011, 92p), also referred to as the four P’s (Santamato, Beumler, 2013). This thesis focuses primarily on Prevent, a policy which aims to ‘stop people from becoming terrorist or supporting terrorism (Aly, 2013) and argues that the innovative inclusion of Prevent within the already established institutional framework caused
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CONTEST’S approach is more holistic, combining aspects of criminal justice, prevention, protection of the public and the national infrastructure, while also preparing for all eventualities (Bjorgo, 2013). ‘This approach gives us a more effective, better focused and more flexible response to the changing terrorist threat we face (Keohane, 2005; Clinton, 2009). CONTEST’S success relies upon the strength of multi-agency partnerships. ‘British values' such as liberty and freedom under the law (Hall, 2013) up holding human rights and a legitimate and accountable government were central to CONTEST (Edwards, Hughes, Lord, 2013). This strategy has evolved over the last decade and has become more transparent. Originally a classified document, a partially declassified version of the strategy was published in 2006 (Gregory, 2009; Bonino, 2013) followed by two even more comprehensive and declassified strategy documents in 2009 and 2011 (Cobb, 2011; Devoic, 2012; Bakir, 2013)
The 2005 London attacks challenged the idea of the archetypical terrorist embodied by Osama Bin Laden, as the perpetrators had lived in Britain almost since birth and came from local communities in the North East of England (Robertson, 2013).
Prevent became more prominent because it acknowledged that extremism was a problem within some UK communities (Lowndes, Thorp, 2010). Prevent, as the title suggests, was about preventing individuals and communities from supporting and or

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