The Sun Also Rises: An Insight into Hemingway’s Use of Symbolism
Imperialism in The Sun Also Rises is …show more content…
Jake Barnes suffered a wound in the war, presumably World War I, that rendered him impotent but left him with normal sexual desire. Although he is in love with Brett, she finds him unsuitable as a partner because he would be unable to fulfill her sexual needs. This virtually tears Jake apart as we are shown in this excerpt: “…this wound initially causes him considerable anguish and leads to his “pimping” for Brett…” (James 322).
A symbolic bond is formed between Jake and the steers that are used to keep the Torero-bound bulls calm when herded into the pens. He serves a similar purpose within his group of friends; he is in the center of Brett’s love circle and is burdened with the responsibility of keeping the peace within the entire. Jake’s and the steers’ calming actions are found to be similar when we read: Jake's verbal mirroring is exactly the behavior expected of steers in the bullring as the steers work the bulls in just this passive way. The text describes how "[w]hen the next bull came out, all three, the two bulls and the steer, stood together, their heads side by side [...] the steer picked the new bull up, quieted him down, and made him one of the herd. [...] [T]he herd were all together" (140). The steers no doubt use this "side by side" mirroring gesture as a