The State Judicial Selection Process of Florida and New Jersey

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Article three, section one of the United States Constitution states “The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office (Cornell University Law School, 2014)”. Our court systems have developed over the years based on this fundamental idea.
The State of Florida has four judicial branches. These are County courts, Circuit courts, the District Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Court. County courts
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Florida utilizes judicial nominating committees. Currently, there are twenty seven such committees; each assigned to a specific level court (State of Florida, 2014). It is the responsibility of those nominating committee’s to follow what is known as the Uniform Rules of Procedure (State of Florida, 2014). Each court level has differing guidelines that must be adhered to. Each judicial nominating committee is made up of nine members. These members are appointed by the governor directly and indirectly. The Board of Governors of the Florida Bar is required to submit a list of nominees to the Governor for four of the nine positions. The remaining positions are appointed without recommendation (State of Florida, 2014). Each member must reside in the jurisdiction for which they are selected. Judicial vacancies can occur for various reasons. An existing judge could die, retire, or be removed from the bench. Once a vacancy is created; however, the judicial nominating committee will begin the process of gathering the data with which to create a list of possible replacements. This list will then be submitted to the Governor for approval and possible appointment. The judicial nominating committee must submit a list containing the names of at least three but no more than six applicants (State of Florida, 2014). They have only has sixty days from the date they

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