Gender is such a ubiquitous notion that humans assume gender is biological. However, gender is a notion that is made up in order to organize human life. It is created and recreated giving power to the dominant gender, creating an inferior gender and producing gender roles. There are many questionable perspectives such as how two genders are learned, how humans learn their own gender and others genders, how they learn to appropriately perform their gender and how gender roles are produced. In order to understand these perspectives, we must view gender as a social institution. Society bases gender on sex and applies a sex category to people in daily life by recognizing gender markers. Sex is the foundation to which gender is created. We must
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Society believes that there is a natural axiological linkage between sex and gender and considering there are two sexes, there must be two genders. The difference between sex and gender and the process by which society labels an individual constitutes the social construction of gender.
“DOING GENDER” “Gender is constantly created and recreated out of human interaction, out of social life, and is the texture and order of that social life. Yet, gender like culture, is a human production that depends on everyone constantly “doing gender.” Gender roles, gender identities, and gender inequalities are constructed ideologies born from “doing gender” and social interaction.
“Gender is not a set of traits, nor a variable, nor a role, but the product of social doings of some sort. What then is the social doing of gender? It is more than the continuous creation of the meaning of gender through human actions. Gender itself is constituted through interaction.” Once sex is determined and gender is assigned, parents use gender markers such as clothing, names, or jewelry to display their baby’s gender status. For example, a parent would dress their baby boy