The Social and Economical Impacts of Organic Farming on Agriculture and the Environment

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In the era of sustainable development the new economic theory of development today is “Environmental economics” that balances between economy and ecology. In all development programmes including agriculture there is an amalgamation of economic development with ecological conservation. The chemical fertilizers are being used considerably in conventional agriculture that adversely affects the farm land and economy of farmers. The UNCED directive of Agenda 21 emphasizes the need for ecological and social equity for a sustainable future. In view of this the farmers can be encouraged for production of vermicompost from the organic resources available at farm. The rural agricultural community struggle to strive through the high costs of …show more content…
The agriculture products like coffee, oil seeds, dried pulses, hide and skin, young flowers are exported for foreign revenue. The increased small holder productivity and production is recognized by the Government of Ethiopia in achieving the planned economic growth rates. The agricultural potential should be utilized to improve the country’s economic growth. FAO is committed to improve the agricultural possibilities of Ethiopia. Their focus is in marketing of the products within and outside the country to improve the economic development (FAO, 2011). The soil nutrient depletion in Ethiopia is highest in sub Saharan Africa. The Ethiopian small holder farmers face low agriculture productivity problems. This could be attributed to the limited access to the modern technologies due to high cost (Report, 2010).Environmentally sound farming systems with high returns to the farmers should be developed across the country to overcome the problems. The scope of organic farming is high in the country and more economical than inorganic farming. In addition to being eco friendly the organic farming system will help the farmers to get good returns and maintain the soil fertility and its integrity. It could be considered as a sustainable method of development (Devi et al., 2007) Vermicomposting is considered to be an important component of organic farming as it

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