The Search for Dostoyevsky in Crime and Punishment Essay

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The Search for Dostoyevsky in Crime and Punishment

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky who is known as a great novelist wrote timeless classics such as The Idiot, Crime and Punishment, and The Brothers Karamazov, was not only a novelist, but a good psychologist who uncovered the secret sides of the human beings in a very effective way. His novels also affected Freud, Nietzsche, and Joyce. However there is one point that is a mystery. Did Dostoyevsky really reflect his own feelings, especially his fears, into the characters of his novels?

Fyodor was born in Moscow on October 30 in 1821 in Hospital for the poor, the second of seven children. His mother Mme Marya Feodorovna and father Dr. M. Andrey Dostoyevsky whose
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One of the most important unanswered questions about Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s life is the following: Were there any symptoms of the epilepsy that he suffered in later life? Only words Dostoyevsky said about his epilepsy crisis that he was the victim of an auditory hallucination when he was ten (Frank, Seeds of Revolt 25). Freud was curious about Dostoyevsky’s life and he wanted to strengthen his psychoanalytic techniques by using this novelist’s life experiences and finding a connection between the characters of his novels and himself. So he published his famous article, “Dostoyevsky and Parricide”. According to Freud, Dostoyevsky’s epilepsy is related with his childhood and with a tragic event in their family life. Freud meant by “tragic event” that his father punished Dostoyevsky under very serious circumstances owing to which Freud reaclaims his theories that a severe punishment for a childhood sexual crime (possibly a punishment for masturbation leading to the formation of an acute castration complex).

There is also another significant event that needs to be mentioned. Dostoyevsky’s father was killed by his serfs in 1839. This scandalous murder was kept carefully in the family so as not to lose all the peasants (most probably ends with the destruction of the family), because if they had accepted that he was murdered, all the peasants must have been exiled

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