Although abolition of slavery in the South coincided with the conclusion of the Civil War, a century of institutionalized racism was widespread in the former Confederacy. This institutionalized racism came in the form of the Jim Crow laws. It was a social norm to look at African Americans as inferior or even harmful to the White population. Groups such as the Ku Klux Klan roamed around "defending" the white population from the African Americans. This defense came in forms of public executions (lynching) or intimidation. Another fear the White Southerners had was the fear of black men exploiting white women. This fear led to many imprisonments and murders of falsely accused African American men. On March 25th, 1931, nine young African
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Part way through the journey, problems arose between them and a few Caucasian males. In a time where economic downturn united the races under the banner of poverty, the problem of racism ended up reigning supreme in the Deep South. The fight ended with the Caucasian males being kicked off the train by the Boys. On March 25th, 1931, these males assembled a posse in order to capture the Boys.
(http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTrials/scottsboro/SB_chron.html) When captured, there were two Caucasian girls (Ruby Bates and Victoria Price) on the train that accused the Boys of raping them while the men were kicked off. They were sent to the Scottsboro jail, where they were met with a large lynch mob. In Jim Crow era Alabama, lynchings were a common vigilante practice especially in the case of race. In this case though, the sheriff prevented the mob from killing the Boys. It eventually turned into a situation where the National Guard came in to protect the Boys. (James Goodman, Stories of Scottsboro, p. 6) Although this may have seemed like a glimpse of hope for race relations in the Deep South; the sheriff did this just to make an example out of the Boys. This quickly ended as soon as the first trial started. Although the 1930’s were a time of economic disparity for a large percentage of the population, racial tensions were still