The Roles of Charles Stuart and John Pym in Parliaments Victory of the English Civil War

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The Roles of Charles Stuart and John Pym in Parliaments Victory of the English Civil War

On August the 2nd 1642 King Charles the 1st raised his standard at Nottingham. The English Civil War had begun and it lasted from 1642 until the King’s execution at the beginning of 1649. One could argue that it was actually two separate Civil wars, fought between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists. The first war beginning in 1642 and ending in 1646 when the King was captured, and then the second from 1647 after the Kings escape, to 1648 when he was again defeated and captured. However we will simply be looking at the years up until his surrender to the Scotts, April 1646, as by the end of June that same
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So the 1620’s saw a number of events that brought together a group of men who had the same political views and the belief that the law of the land was binding on the king and his subjects.

Others that took up support of the Parliamentarians were yeomen and craftsmen and later on once the war had begun, many of the common people turned to the Parliamentarians also.

Pym played a major role leading up until his death in 1643. His role as leader of the Moderate group amongst the parliamentarians was important in keeping the war and peace groups together. His idea of introducing weekly taxes in London created a strong financial system for the parliamentarians which set them up for a long term war against the Royalists. He set up the Midland and Eastern Association that created good relationships between local county communities and the parliamentarians. His alliance with the Scots, proved crucial in the end although it caused a stir amongst the peace and war groups, but Pym’s powers of persuasion and the firing of Henry Marten, a powerful war group leader, helped to reassure the peace group.

The Royalists were of course led by King Charles the 1st, who was the second son of the former King, James the 1st. Therefore Charles must have been brought up always believing that his brother would become the King after his father’s reign. According to Angela Anderson,

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