There is numerous literature available which suggests the benefits of working in groups, and there are a number of aspects that can affect group performance for example cohesion, Group member diversity, social facilitation, task type, and group motivation, however for the purpose of this essay I am going to focus on team skills training. ‘Teams skills’ are the ‘collective qualities that are instrumental to an effective team environment and overall success’ (Tenenbaum & Eklund, 2007) If we take the phrase ‘team skill’ to mean, as defined by (Pritchard, Stratford & Bizo, 2006 p.256) as ‘’the skill to work collaboratively together in order that group based activities enhance, rather than impede learning’’ then ‘team skills training’, is the
…show more content…
There are many advantages of team skills training, and thus it plays a major role in group performance. It can help define group roles, planning, and time management according to students and staffs’ opinions in (Pritchard, Stratford & Hardy, 2004) study. Here their qualitative data offers support for team skills training; The biggest advantages that the students expressed of working in groups was; ‘ the meeting of new people, learning team skills and having fun’, (Pritchard, Stratford & Hardy, 2004). Although these are social aspects, and appear to have little relevance to academic reasons, the way the group feels as a whole, and the attitude towards the group task, directly effects their motivation and willingness to achieve. Therefore their positive feelings of ‘fun’ about their group would in-turn lead to increased motivation, confidence and communication within the group. However the disadvantage of recording feelings such as this from the students straight away, is that bias due to ‘post group euphoria’ may occur.
Another way in which team skills training could enhance group performance would be through reducing the experience of subjective work load (Pritchard, Bizo, & Stratford, 2010). Research has shown that ‘’when performing the same task, experts experience less cognitive load than novices’’, this is because experts carry out things automatically, the transition from a novice into an expert can only come through