One of the most prominent philosophers of the past century, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, in his extraordinary 1943 novel The Little Prince, wrote, “‘it is a question of discipline,’ the little prince told me later on. ‘When you have finished washing and dressing each morning, you must tend your planet’.” This implies that, despite the little prince has unrestricted natural freedom; he still must accept responsibilities in order to maintain harmony with the habitat. Hence, a citizen should comply with social duties in order to sustain compatibility and balance with the society, and personal liberty cannot grow beyond personal responsibility. Therefore, every civil right accompanies with a corresponding civil obligation. However, an
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In 1651, political philosopher Tomas Hobbes in his book Leviathan asserted, “It (quarrel) is manifest that during the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that condition which is called war; and such a war as is of every man against every man.” Hereby, there would be a ‘war of all against all’ (Bellum omnium contra omnes), and, according to Hobbes, the individuals` existence in primeval times, when there was no any political authority, was ‘solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short’, times when lucre and iniquity disrupted foundation of a civil society. Specifically, individuals in the state of nature were apolitical and asocial. Thence, in order to prevent this, people should collaborate and establish civil society using the means of social contract.
The concept of social contract implies that individuals unite into political societies by giving up their unlimited natural liberties and transferring their personal sovereignties to the government or other authorities in order to obtain a social order. This can be achieved by a process of mutual consent when people agree to abide by common rules and accept corresponding duties. Distinguished sociological philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in his influential 1762 treatise The Social Contract, stated, “Each of us contributes