The Rise and Development of Nationalism in Meiji, Japan was a Result of Government Modernization Efforts

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The Rise and Development of Nationalism in Meiji, Japan was a Result of Government Modernization Efforts

The rise and development of nationalism in Meiji Japan was a result of
government modernization efforts.

The ban on Christianity was lifted and the Meiji government practiced
religion toleration. Foreign missionaries were allowed to propagate
Christianity and carry out educational and medical work. However,
Christianity made little headway among the Japanese. By 1900, less
than 1% of the population became Christians.

With the Meiji Restoration, in order to carry out the modernization
programme, the Japanese government made Shinto as the state religion
so as to push forward their reforms more
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In short, Shintoism had three elements: a religious devotion to the
throne, a belief in divine mission and a concept of superiority of the
Japanese race. These concepts were exploited by the Meiji oligarchs to
fan up Japanese nationalism in the late 19ty century. They made
Shintoism, the state religion, and they wrote in Article One of the
Meiji Constitution that Japan ‘should be over and governed by a line
of Emperor unbroken for ages eternal’. By using in their service the
symbol of the Emperor, they were able to push forward their reforms,
to appeal to the people’s emotions and to emphasize the imperial
loyalty. This emperor-centred nationalism was so successfully
implanted that all ruling classes in Japan made use of it to further
their interests. First was the Meiji oligarchs, then were the party
leaders as well as the militarists.

In the field of education, the Imperial Rescript on Education in 1890
urged the people not to give up their native tradition, such as
ancestor-worship, loyalty to superiors and to the state. It is clear
that education was to be subordinate to the source of the state. In
brief, the educational system was used as a means of arousing a
greater sense of nationalism.

At the same time, Meiji government also imposed reform on military
field which encouraged the rise of…

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