The Relationship Between Secure Attachment and Indirect Aggression
Children, in their early childhood, rely on their attachment relationships for feelings of security. Securely attached children become well adapt at verbalising their needs. For example, a 4-year-old child may say “Please read me a story before you go”, communicating their fear of been left alone. This increased ability to verbalise their wants and needs continue well on into later childhood and adolescence (Hutchision, 2013). According to Bolby (1973), warm and secure attachment experiences promote beliefs that others have good intentions; however persons who grow with insensitive attachment figures may have bouts of dysfunctional behaviour. Armsden (1986) also believed that secure persons in an intrapersonal domain tend to …show more content…
In this study we will examine the attachment related bond that participants have in their current life and do a comparative assessment of their indirect aggression. The alternative hypothesis (H1) presented is that there will be a significant difference between secure attachment and aggressive behaviours. Therefore the null hypothesis (H0) is that there is no significant difference between secure attachment and indirect aggression.
There were 40 participants in this study, 12 male and 28 female; ages ranged from 17-33 (mean 19.15) (SD 2.68).
2 online questionnaires were used; Experiences in close relationships-Revised Questionnaire (ERC-R; Fraley, Walker, & Brennan, 2000) and Indirect Aggression Scale, Aggressor Version (IAS-A; Forrest, & Shelvin, 2005).
The ERC-R questionnaire measured secure attachment and contained 36 questions with two subscales; items 1-18 comprised of attachment-related anxiety scale, with items 19-36 comprising of attachment-related avoidance scale. Each item was rated on a 7 point scale where 1 = strongly disagree and 7 = strongly agree.
The IAS-A questionnaire contained 25 items which accessed the use of indirect aggression towards someone else in the past 12 months. This scale in turn had