The Relationship Between Nutrition and Aging Essay
Reducing glucose, triglycerides and insulin levels by limiting the carbohydrate intake, in addition to providing proper protein and foods high in fat has an effect on improving age related factors (3). Although, this type of diet does not intend to cause weight loss, the restrictive nature in calories and carbohydrates consumed reduce leptin, glucose and weight (3). Fiber intake can also have a significant effect on improving heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Fiber enhances the passage of food in the body, regulates blood glucose and controls cholesterol and triglycerides levels. Fiber is prevalent in whole grain products, legumes, vegetables, oats and barley(4).
Furthermore, as we age there are many changes that naturally take place in body composition. With time the body tends to deteriorate as metabolism slows down, lean muscle mass decreases, and body fat and bone loss increases. As these changes slowly occur, individuals tend to decrease energy expenditure activities and eat energy dense foods aggravating their situation, inevitably resulting in weight gain and development of fragile bones. Bone loss greatly impacts the quality of life