The Reign of Pharaoh Akhenaton Essay

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The Reign of Pharaoh Akhenaton

During the Reign of pharaoh Akhenaton (Amunhotep IV) which was a short 16 years from 1360 to 1344 B.C.E. He managed to change religion from what it had been to would it became. It went from many gods to a single god and he tried to rub out the existence of other gods. He never listened to anything the people he ruled said and many other things I will discuss in the paper. The first thing he did was he changed religion. He called his religion Aten that is the worship of the sun (El Mahdy 1999: 88). This not the first mentioning of Aten in Egypt it has been used before. Aten was known of since the twelfth dynasty getting more mentions over the years. Thutmoses IV for example refers to a large
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The journey of the soul to the west and the last judgment before Osiris in the hall of the two truths. With Aten as the sun come up the soul of the dead appeared and at sunset returned to the tomb (Alfred 1968: 191). As Christian El Mahdy states "He made it publicly known he was totally devoted to the new god"(El Mahdy 1999: 87). This is made known by the letters in the Lab'aya Affair in letters EA 253 and 254. They state " To the king my lord, my sun: message from Lab'aya, your servant, the ground on which you walk" (Moran 1992: 1). This tells to me that he has become devoted totally to the god Other odd things about the religion are prayers for long life and for benefits after death are addressed by the dead man to the Aten, often to the king and occasionally the queen (Alfred 1988: 248). His instructions as to the marking of the bands by means of a tablet at the southern and northern extremities of the sites, which together with it's produce would be dedicated to the father, The Aten (Alfred 1988: 270). He also said were he died also his family should be brought back to Akhenaten which means the horizon of Aten (El Mahdy 1999: 88). This broke with the normal burial of the royal tomb in the western hills on the territory of Amun at Thebus (Alfred 1988: 270). He made these changes so Aten was clearly divine forever and not forgotten (Alfred 1988: 278). It is clear the people have tried to forget all about the Amarna age. Things that

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