The Quest for the Historical Jesus Essay
John Dominic Crossan vs. Dale Allison:
Two Different Ways to Look at Mysterious Figure
For someone so well known, Jesus is someone the historical world knows little about. Around this religious figure revolves a strange phenomena. Most people could probably tell you something Jesus stood for, or the gist of something he said, just off the top of their head. But someone who has spent years studying Jesus within a historical context, would probably have a hard time pinpointing anything Jesus really said. Scholars have been interested, and even obsessed with the historical Jesus for centuries, and two of the most well known Jesus scholars of today are Dale C. Allison and John Dominic Crossan. Yet …show more content…
The second triad deals with compiling the texts used to study the historical Jesus. The first step within that triad is inventory. Crossan includes all major texts, both intracanonical and extracanonical that deal with Jesus, and relies heavily on the work of the ancient Jewish scholar of the time named Josephus. The next step is stratification, where he puts the texts in on a timeline. While the exact dates cannot be known exactly, it is helpful to at least have a vague idea of what came before what. The last step is attestation, which focuses on how many times an incident, saying, or theme pops up in different texts. Because Crossan works within the Q theory, something that shows up in Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John could be different versions, but not necessarily independent.
The third triad involves bringing the inventory gathered, and making it one with the established chronological hierarchy and hierarchy of attestation. The first part of this is the sequence of strata, meaning more weight is put on evidence that happens closer to Jesus on the timeline. Next is the hierarchy of attestation, which gives more value to something that has more independent attestation. Finally there is what Crossan calls the bracketing of